Mechanical Communication Acts as a Noise Filter.

07:00 EST 2nd March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Mechanical Communication Acts as a Noise Filter."

Cells can communicate mechanically by responding to mechanical deformations generated by their neighbors. Here, we describe a new role for mechanical communication by demonstrating that mechanical coupling between cells acts as a signaling cue that reduces intrinsic noise in the interacting cells. We measure mechanical interaction between beating cardiac cells cultured on a patterned flexible substrate and find that beat-to-beat variability decays exponentially with coupling strength. To demonstrate that such noise reduction is indeed a direct consequence of mechanical coupling, we reproduce the exponential decay in an assay where a beating cell interacts mechanically with an artificial stochastic 'mechanical cell'. The mechanical cell consists of a probe that mimics the deformations generated by a stochastically beating neighboring cardiac cell. We show that noise reduction through mechanical coupling persists long after stimulation stops and identify microtubule integrity, NOX2, and CaMKII as mediators of noise reduction.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: iScience
ISSN: 2589-0042
Pages: 58-68


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