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Under drought and soil salinity, plants usually respond to accumulate inorganic and organic osmolytes for adaptation, that would induce changes in energy consumption strategy of plants. Moderate soil salinity would enable plants to lower energy consumption for osmotic adjustment by passively absorbing more Na. This action would keep more energies for growth of drought-stressed plants. Thus, Na accumulation might be an energy-efficient strategy for plants to cope with drought was speculated. To support this speculation, we assessed the effects of soil salinity on osmotic adjustment and energy utilization under drought in this study. Our results indicated that the ratio and content of inorganic osmolytes was significantly higher under drought-saline stress (D + S) than those under single drought stress (D), while the osmolarity and contents of organic osmolytes of D + S were significantly lower than those of D. This indicated that moderate soil salinity could enable soybean seedlings to consume relatively lower energies to produce less organic osmolytes and accumulate more inorganic ions for osmotic adjustment coping with drought. Meanwhile the water content, cell turgor, ash content, and specific leaf area and biomass of D + S were significantly higher than those of D, but the leaf construction cost of D + S was significantly lower than those of D. This suggested that moderate soil salinity could enhance water retention, and reduce the photoassimilate and energy consumption of droughty soybean seedlings. This work would help to understand the positive effects of moderate soil salinity on plant growth on the level of osmotic adjustment and energy consumption strategy.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Plant physiology and biochemistry : PPB
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A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food. It plays an important biological role in maintaining the osmotic tension of blood and tissues. The OSMOLAR CONCENTRATION this and other SALTS accounts for SALINITY which influences the types of organisms that live in an ENVIRONMENT.
Energy that is generated by the transfer of protons or electrons across an energy-transducing membrane and that can be used for chemical, osmotic, or mechanical work. Proton-motive force can be generated by a variety of phenomena including the operation of an electron transport chain, illumination of a PURPLE MEMBRANE, and the hydrolysis of ATP by a proton ATPase. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed, p171)
Electric power supply devices which convert biological energy, such as chemical energy of metabolism or mechanical energy of periodic movements, into electrical energy.
For-profit enterprise with relatively few to moderate number of employees and low to moderate volume of sales.
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