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Anaerobic wastewater potentially was an ideal medium for cultivating microalgae. The coupled effect of ammonium, temperature and pH on lipids accumulation was a core issue during algal culture using anaerobic wastewater. Therefore, their combined effects on Chlorella pyrenoidosa culture and lipids accumulation in anaerobic effluent were investigated. Free ammonia induced from the rising pH and temperature inhibited algal growth, but significantly promoted lipid accumulation. The highest lipids content reached 30.2% when pH rose to 8.3-8.5 (25 °C, ammonium 280 mg/L), which was 1.6-fold higher than that under neutral condition. Moreover, the percentage of unsaturated fatty acids (un-SFAs) increased to 74.8-77.9% at pH 8.3-8.5, whereas it was only 56.1-58.9% under neutral condition. The C18:2 and C18:3 dominated the un-SFAs increase at high pH, typically the percentage of C18:3 increased by 74.5-153.1%. This study provides a potential way for lipid accumulation in algal culture using anaerobic wastewater.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bioresource technology
Owning to the ammonium toxicity, some ammonium-rich wastewater may not be used for algae cultivation. To overcome this problem, herein, a novel approach of using zeolite to mitigate ammonium toxicity ...
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Inorganic compounds that include a positively charged tetrahedral nitrogen (ammonium ion) as part of their structure. This class of compounds includes a broad variety of simple ammonium salts and derivatives.
The mineral magnesium ammonium phosphate with the formula NH4MgPO4. It is associated with urea-splitting organisms in a high magnesium, high phosphate, alkaline environment. Accumulation of crystallized struvite is found in the urinary tract as struvite CALCULI and as scale on sewage system equipment and wastewater pipes.
An acidifying agent that has expectorant and diuretic effects. Also used in etching and batteries and as a flux in electroplating.
The hydroxy salt of ammonium ion. It is formed when AMMONIA reacts with water molecules in solution.
Derivatives of ammonium compounds, NH4+ Y-, in which all four of the hydrogens bonded to nitrogen have been replaced with hydrocarbyl groups. These are distinguished from IMINES which are RN=CR2.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...