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The present study assesses, for the first time, the use of the non-lignin residue from Kraft black liquor as a renewable source of carboxylic acids. For this purpose, the liquid fraction obtained after separating the lignin from the black liquor by acid precipitation was subjected to different hydrothermal treatments. It was found that the formation of carboxylic acids can be maximized at 190 °C, 70 bar and under an inert atmosphere, with concentrations after 2 h of 29.0 g/l of oxalic acid, 1.8 g/L of malic acid, 10.0 g/L of lactic acid, 4.1 g/L of formic acid, 11.8 g/L of acetic acid and 3.4 g/L of propionic acid. The presence of an oxidizing atmosphere generated a less concentrated, but more purified, stream of acids than that obtained by thermal hydrolysis, simplifying the subsequent downstream processing.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bioresource technology
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Organic compounds containing the carboxy group (-COOH). This group of compounds includes amino acids and fatty acids. Carboxylic acids can be saturated, unsaturated, or aromatic.
The most abundant natural aromatic organic polymer found in all vascular plants. Lignin together with cellulose and hemicellulose are the major cell wall components of the fibers of all wood and grass species. Lignin is composed of coniferyl, p-coumaryl, and sinapyl alcohols in varying ratios in different plant species. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Carboxylic acids that contain a KETONE group.
Straight-chain CARBOXYLIC ACIDS with the general formula C5H10O2.
Enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of carboxylic acid esters with the formation of an alcohol and a carboxylic acid anion.