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An infant autopsy case of bowel obstruction due to internal abdominal hernia.

08:00 EDT 25th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "An infant autopsy case of bowel obstruction due to internal abdominal hernia."

Internal abdominal hernia, defined as protrusion of viscera through a defect of the mesentery, has been considered a rare clinical entity. Recent clinical reviews reported a wide range of onset age (from newborns to the elderly) and symptoms (from minimal abdominal symptoms to severe acute abdomen). Sudden and unexpected death due to internal abdominal hernia is rare in infants or toddlers, and only 4 autopsy cases had been reported previously. We report the case of a 3-month-old Japanese boy who unexpectedly died 4 h after first vomiting. Autopsy showed a wide bowel obstruction with necrosis through a congenital mesenteric defect. The larynx was filled with gastric content (milky white viscous muddy material). In the cross section of both lungs, the same material was found to be expressed from the bronchioles. We diagnosed the cause of death as asphyxiation by viscous milk/vomitus aspiration caused by bowel obstruction due to an internal abdominal hernia. In case of sudden and unexpected death of an infant, autopsy is crucial to determine the cause of death. During autopsy, it is helpful to determine the character and distribution of gastric and airway contents to confirm milk or vomitus aspiration.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Legal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)
ISSN: 1873-4162
Pages: 32-35

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A protrusion of abdominal structures through the retaining ABDOMINAL WALL. It involves two parts: an opening in the abdominal wall, and a hernia sac consisting of PERITONEUM and abdominal contents. Abdominal hernias include groin hernia (HERNIA, FEMORAL; HERNIA, INGUINAL) and VENTRAL HERNIA.

The abrupt and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age, remaining unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history. (Pediatr Pathol 1991 Sep-Oct;11(5):677-84)

Protrusion of tissue, structure, or part of an organ through the muscular tissue or the membrane by which it is normally contained. Hernia may involve tissues such as the ABDOMINAL WALL or the respiratory DIAPHRAGM. Hernias may be internal, external, congenital, or acquired.

A hernia caused by weakness of the anterior ABDOMINAL WALL due to midline defects, previous incisions, or increased intra-abdominal pressure. Ventral hernias include UMBILICAL HERNIA, incisional, epigastric, and spigelian hernias.

An abdominal hernia with an external bulge in the GROIN region. It can be classified by the location of herniation. Indirect inguinal hernias occur through the internal inguinal ring. Direct inguinal hernias occur through defects in the ABDOMINAL WALL (transversalis fascia) in Hesselbach's triangle. The former type is commonly seen in children and young adults; the latter in adults.

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