TARBP2 inhibits IRF7 activation by suppressing TRAF6-mediated K63-linked ubiquitination of IRF7.

08:00 EDT 27th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "TARBP2 inhibits IRF7 activation by suppressing TRAF6-mediated K63-linked ubiquitination of IRF7."

Interferon regulatory factor 7 (IRF7), a crucial regulator of type I interferons (IFNs), plays a crucial role in resistance to viral infection. The abnormal production of type I IFNs is associated with many types of disease, such as cancer and inflammatory disorders. Thus, understanding the post-translational modifications of IRF7 is essential to promoting an appropriate immune response. We have recently showed that the TAR RNA binding protein 2 (TARBP2) suppresses IFN-β production and the innate antiviral response by targeting MAVS. Here, we further identified TARBP2 as a novel inhibitor of IRF7, which inhibits IRF7-mediated IFN-β production triggered by the Sendai virus in 293 T cells. Overexpression of TARBP2 inhibits the phosphorylation as well as the K63-linked ubiquitination of IRF7, whilst TARBP2 also impairs the stability of endogenous TRAF6. Furthermore, TARBP2 participates in the interaction between IRF7 and TRAF6, thereby suppressing TRAF6-mediated K63-linked ubiquitination of IRF7, which is a prerequisite of IRF7 phosphorylation. Our findings further reveal the mechanism by which TARBP2 regulates the antiviral signaling pathways of the innate immune system.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Molecular immunology
ISSN: 1872-9142
Pages: 116-125


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