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Synthesis and biological evaluation of new bisindole-imidazopyridine hybrids as apoptosis inducers.

08:00 EDT 22nd March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Synthesis and biological evaluation of new bisindole-imidazopyridine hybrids as apoptosis inducers."

A series of diindolylmethanes (5a-t) were designed, synthesized, and examined for their cytotoxicity against four human cancer cell lines like prostate (DU-145), lung (A549), breast (MCF-7) and cervical cancer (HeLa). These results revealed that among all the hybrids, two (5k and 5r) were identified and exhibited significant cytotoxic effect against A549 cancer cells with IC values of 1.65 ± 0.3 and 1.80 ± 0.8 µM respectively. To investigate the reasons for the cytotoxic activity, the conventional biological assays were carried out with 5k and 5r on the A549 cancer cells. Both hybrids led to the arrest of A549 cell lines at the G2/M phase of the cell cycle and strongly induced apoptosis. Further the apoptotic effects of 5k and 5r were confirmed by ROS, annexin-V FITC, and mitochondrial membrane potential. Moreover, structure-activity relationships were elucidated with various substitutions on these hybrids.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Bioorganic chemistry
ISSN: 1090-2120
Pages: 484-494

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