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Phleomycin is one of the anticancer glycopeptide antibiotics which cause DNA cleavage. It is commonly used as a copper(II) complex. Therefore, it is important to study the metal ion binding process and to define the coordination mode. In this paper, we describe the acid-base properties of phleomycin and the coordination sphere of the Cu(II) cation. In the metal binding process up to five nitrogen donor atoms can be involved. Four of them in the same plane deriving from: the pyrimidine ring, secondary amine of β-aminoalanine, imidazole and amide of the nearest peptide bond (from β-hydroxyhistidine) and in the apical position from the α-amino functional group of β-aminoalanine, resulting complex has a square-pyramidal geometry. Phleomycin complexes are able to induce single- and double-stranded DNA damage when they are accompanied by one-electron reductants, such as dithiothreitol, glutathione, 2-mercaptoethanol or ascorbic acid. In such conditions they produce reactive oxygen species which are responsible for DNA cleavage. The metal ion binding site is relatively close to the nucleic acid interacting moiety. This supports the hypothesis that copper ion is important in the anticancer activity which involves DNA degradation.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of inorganic biochemistry
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Single center randomized study including 388 women aged less than 39 years, performing in vitro fertilization, to determine if blastocyst stage (Day 5 to 6) embryo transfer (ETs) improves ...
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One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.
Neutral or negatively charged ligands bonded to metal cations or neutral atoms. The number of ligand atoms to which the metal center is directly bonded is the metal cation's coordination number, and this number is always greater than the regular valence or oxidation number of the metal. A coordination complex can be negative, neutral, or positively charged.
Organic chemicals that form two or more coordination links with an iron ion. Once coordination has occurred, the complex formed is called a chelate. The iron-binding porphyrin group of hemoglobin is an example of a metal chelate found in biological systems.
A RNA-binding protein that stimulates the cleavage of the 3' end of MRNA near the POLYADENYLATION site. It is a heterotrimer of 55-, 64- and 77-kDa subunits and combines with CLEAVAGE STIMULATION FACTOR to form a stable complex with mRNA that directs the 3' cleavage and polyadenylation reaction.
A technique in assisted reproduction (REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, ASSISTED) consisting of hormonal stimulation of the ovaries, follicular aspiration of preovulatory oocytes, in-vitro fertilization, and intrafallopian transfer of zygotes at the pronuclear stage (before cleavage).
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