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To reveal conformational changes resulting in the formation of insulin fibrils, it is necessary to identify amyloidogenic regions in the structure of protein monomers. Different models of insulin fibrillogenesis have been proposed previously. However, precise regions responsible for the formation of amyloid fibrils have not been identified. Using bioinformatics programs for predicting amyloidogenic regions, we have determined some common amyloidogenic sequences in the structure of insulin monomers. The use of limited proteolysis and mass spectrometry analysis of the obtained protein fragments resistant to the action of proteases allowed us to identify amino acid sequences in the insulin structure that can form the spine of the insulin fibrils. The obtained results are in agreement with the earlier proposed model of fibril formation from the ring-like oligomers and can be used for designing insulin analogs resistant to amyloidogenesis.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biochemistry. Biokhimiia
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Proteins that form the core of amyloid fibrils. For example, the core of amyloid A is formed from amyloid A protein, also known as serum amyloid A protein or SAA protein.
A syndrome with excessively high INSULIN levels in the BLOOD. It may cause HYPOGLYCEMIA. Etiology of hyperinsulinism varies, including hypersecretion of a beta cell tumor (INSULINOMA); autoantibodies against insulin (INSULIN ANTIBODIES); defective insulin receptor (INSULIN RESISTANCE); or overuse of exogenous insulin or HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENTS.
Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS. It can be caused by the presence of INSULIN ANTIBODIES or the abnormalities in insulin receptors (RECEPTOR, INSULIN) on target cell surfaces. It is often associated with OBESITY; DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS; INFECTION; and certain rare conditions. (from Stedman, 25th ed)
An insulin preparation that is designed to provide immediate and long term glycemic control in a single dosage. Biphasic insulin typically contains a mixture of REGULAR INSULIN or SHORT-ACTING INSULIN combined with a LONG-ACTING INSULIN.
Insulin formulation containing substance which delays or retards time period of the absorption of insulin.
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