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Mechanisms of Leptin and Ghrelin Action on Maturation and Functions of Dendritic Cells.

07:00 EST 1st January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Mechanisms of Leptin and Ghrelin Action on Maturation and Functions of Dendritic Cells."

Molecular mechanisms of the immunomodulatory effects of leptin and ghrelin in concentrations typical for pregnancy on the maturation and functional activity of dendritic cells (DCs) generated from the peripheral blood monocytes of women are investigated. The presence of leptin during DC maturation did not affect the levels of CD83CD1c, CD86CD1c, and HLA-DRCD1c DCs, but increased the amount and the activity of the enzyme indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO). Cell culturing in the presence of ghrelin or combination of leptin and ghrelin reduced the percentage of CD86CD1c DCs but did not affect the levels of CD83CD1c and HLA-DRCD1c DCs. In addition, ghrelin reduced the number of IDO molecules without affecting its activity. Simultaneous presence of leptin and ghrelin increased induced IDO activity without affecting the amount of the enzyme in DCs. The effects of leptin and ghrelin on the investigated functions of DCs in some cases correlated with high levels of cAMP. New mechanisms for leptin and ghrelin regulation of tolerogenic functions of DCs in pregnancy are proposed.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Biochemistry. Biokhimiia
ISSN: 1608-3040
Pages: 1-10

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Non-hematopoietic cells, with extensive dendritic processes, found in the primary and secondary follicles of lymphoid tissue (the B cell zones). They are different from conventional DENDRITIC CELLS associated with T-CELLS. They are derived from MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS and are negative for class II MHC antigen and do not process or present antigen like the conventional dendritic cells do. Instead, follicular dendritic cells have FC RECEPTORS and C3B RECEPTORS that hold antigen in the form of ANTIGEN-ANTIBODY COMPLEXES on their surfaces for long periods for recognition by B-CELLS.

A 28-amino acid, acylated, orexigenic peptide that is a ligand for GROWTH HORMONE SECRETAGOGUE RECEPTORS. Ghrelin is widely expressed but primarily in the stomach in the adults. Ghrelin acts centrally to stimulate growth hormone secretion and food intake, and peripherally to regulate energy homeostasis. Its large precursor protein, known as appetite-regulating hormone or motilin-related peptide, contains ghrelin and obestatin.

Transmembrane proteins that recognize and bind GHRELIN, a potent stimulator of GROWTH HORMONE secretion and food intake in mammals. Ghrelin receptors are found in the pituitary and HYPOTHALAMUS. They belong to the family of G-PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTORS.

Recirculating, dendritic, antigen-presenting cells containing characteristic racket-shaped granules (Birbeck granules). They are found principally in the stratum spinosum of the EPIDERMIS and are rich in Class II MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX molecules. Langerhans cells were the first dendritic cell to be described and have been a model of study for other dendritic cells (DCs), especially other migrating DCs such as dermal DCs and INTERSTITIAL DENDRITIC CELLS.

A CC-type chemokine highly expressed in the lungs, lymph nodes, placenta, and bone marrow; it is also expressed by DENDRITIC CELLS in the GERMINAL CENTER, and peripheral blood MACROPHAGES. It functions as a chemotactic factor that specifically attracts LYMPHOCYTES, especially B-Cells, into lymph node follicles, and naive T-cells towards dendritic cells and activated T-cells. It does not attract MONOCYTES or GRANULOCYTES.

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