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Enhanced Saccharification and Fermentation of Rice Straw by Reducing the Concentration of Phenolic Compounds Using an Immobilized Enzyme Cocktail.

08:00 EDT 30th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Enhanced Saccharification and Fermentation of Rice Straw by Reducing the Concentration of Phenolic Compounds Using an Immobilized Enzyme Cocktail."

The production of bioethanol from rice straw can contribute to the rural economy and provide clean fuel in a sustainable manner. However, phenolic compounds, which are mostly produced during acid pretreatment of biomass, act as inhibitors of fermenting microorganisms. Laccase is well known for its ability to oxidize lignin and phenolic compounds derived from lignocellulosic biomass. In the present study, an immobilized enzyme cocktail containing laccase was evaluated in regards to its ability to enhance the saccharification and fermentation processes by reducing the amount of phenolic compounds produced. Magnetic Fe O nanoparticles modified with (3-aminopropyl) triethoxysilane-glutaraldehyde exhibited higher immobilization yield and immobilization efficiency in comparison to nanoparticles modified only with glutaraldehyde. Saccharification of rice straw pre-treated with dilute acid with the laccase-supplemented immobilized enzyme cocktail reduced phenolic compounds by 73.8%, resulting in a saccharification yield of 84.6%. In addition, improved yeast performance was noted during the fermentation process, resulting in a 78.3% conversion of sugar into ethanol with an ethanol productivity of 0.478 g/L/h. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first description of the use of an immobilized enzyme cocktail comprised of Celluclast 1.5L, β-glucosidase, and laccase for the production of bioethanol from rice straw. This study details a potential approach to producing biofuels from agricultural biomass, the applicability of which can be improved through up-scaling. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Biotechnology journal
ISSN: 1860-7314
Pages: e1800468

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