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Staphylococcus aureus (SA) represents one of the most important microorganism that is part of the normal microflora of humans, but in certain conditions can cause very serious infections. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is responsible for a wide spectrum of nosocomial and community associated infections worldwide. The aim of this study was to determine community acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA), as well as the frequency of Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) genes and staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) types in isolates obtained from outpatients in the region of 700,000 people (Canton Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina) Methods: Our investigation included phenotypic and genotypic markers such as antimicrobial resistance, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), SCC typing, and PVL detection.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Central European journal of public health
Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) is a virulent cytotoxin and an indicator of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infection. In this study, we evaluated the prev...
Panton-Valentine leukocidin-positive highly pathogenic USA300 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carries type IV staphylococcal cassette chromosome (SCC) mec. Here, we found USA300-like strai...
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Staphylococcus aureus expresses a variety of virulence factors, including Panton Valentine leukocidin (PVL), a cytotoxin. PVL is specifically associated with primary skin and soft-tissue i...
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A subfamily of transmembrane proteins from the superfamily of ATP-BINDING CASSETTE TRANSPORTERS that are closely related in sequence to ATP-BINDING CASSETTE, SUB-FAMILY B, MEMBER 1. When overexpressed, they function as ATP-dependent efflux pumps able to extrude lipophilic drugs, especially ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS, from cells causing multidrug resistance (DRUG RESISTANCE, MULTIPLE). Although ATP BINDING CASSETTE TRANSPORTER, SUB-FAMILY B share functional similarities to MULTIDRUG RESISTANCE-ASSOCIATED PROTEINS they are two distinct subclasses of ATP-BINDING CASSETTE TRANSPORTERS, and have little sequence homology.
An ATP-binding cassette, sub-family B protein (ATP BINDING CASSETTE TRANSPORTER, SUB-FAMILY B) that functions in the transport of ANTIGENS from the CYTOPLASM to the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM for association with HISTOCOMPATIBILITY ANTIGENS CLASS I peptides. It functions as a heterodimer with ATP-BINDING CASSETTE SUB-FAMILY B MEMBER 2.
Clinical conditions caused by an abnormal sex chromosome constitution (SEX CHROMOSOME ABERRATIONS) in which there is extra or missing sex chromosome material (either a whole chromosome or a chromosome segment).
Poisoning by staphylococcal toxins present in contaminated food.
Clinical conditions caused by an abnormal chromosome constitution in which there is extra or missing chromosome material (either a whole chromosome or a chromosome segment). (from Thompson et al., Genetics in Medicine, 5th ed, p429)
MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus)
MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is a family of bacteria with resistance to one or more major antibiotics. There are currently 17 different strains of MRSA. Two particular strains, EMRSA15 and EMRSA16 account for 96% of MRSA blood...
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...
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