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Epidemiology should aim to improve population health; however, no consensus exists regarding the activities and skills that should be prioritized to achieve this goal. We performed a scoping review of articles addressing the translation of epidemiological knowledge into improved population health outcomes. We identified five themes in the translational epidemiology literature: foundations of epidemiological thinking, evidence-based public health or medicine, epidemiological education, implementation science, and community-engaged research (including literature on community-based participatory research). We then identified five priority areas for advancing translational epidemiology: (1) scientific engagement with public health; (2) public health communication; (3) epidemiological education; (4) epidemiology and implementation; and (5) community involvement. Using these priority areas as a starting point, we developed a conceptual framework of translational epidemiology that emphasizes interconnectedness and feedback between epidemiology, foundational science, and public health stakeholders. We also identified two to five representative principles in each priority area that could serve as the basis for advancing a vision of translational epidemiology. We believe that an emphasis on translational epidemiology can help the broader field to increase the efficiency of translating epidemiological knowledge into improved health outcomes and to achieve its goal of improving population health.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: American journal of epidemiology
Epidemiology has always filled a unique space. It lies squarely at the intersection of the social and biological sciences as well as at the intersection of knowledge generation and the translation of ...
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The purpose of this research project is to develop a vision surveillance system, in order of understanding the vision health status of children and adolescents in Taiwan.
To evaluate health related quality of life (HRQoL) of low-vision patients and their care givers undergoing low-vision rehabilitation program (LVRP).
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Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
The systematic surveying, mapping, charting, and description of specific geographical sites, with reference to the physical features that were presumed to influence health and disease. Often associated with Hippocrates, the process became a significant part of public health investigation and epidemiological methodology, particularly between the 17th and 19th centuries. Medical topography should be differentiated from EPIDEMIOLOGY in that the former emphasizes geography whereas the latter emphasizes disease outbreaks. (Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.
Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data about the frequency, distribution, and consequences of disease or health conditions, for use in the planning, implementing, and evaluating public health programs.
Vision considered to be inferior to normal vision as represented by accepted standards of acuity, field of vision, or motility. Low vision generally refers to visual disorders that are caused by diseases that cannot be corrected by refraction (e.g., MACULAR DEGENERATION; RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA; DIABETIC RETINOPATHY, etc.).
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