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Voltage-gated sodium channels (Navs) are involved in tumor metastasis, as potentiating or attenuating their activities affects the migration and invasion process of tumor cells. In the present study, we tested the effect of two peptide toxins, JZTX-I and HNTX-III which function as Nav1.7 activator and inhibitor, respectively, on the migration and invasion ability of prostate cancer cell line Mat-LyLu. These two peptides showed opposite effects, and subsequently a comparative proteomic analysis characterized 64 differentially expressed membrane proteins from the JZTX-I- and HNTX-III-treated groups. Among these, 15 proteins were down-regulated and 49 proteins were up-regulated in the HNTX-III group. Bioinformatic analysis showed eight proteins are cytoskeleton proteins or related regulators, which might play important roles in the metastasis of Mat-LyLu cells. The altered expressions of four of these proteins, fascin, muskelin, annexin A2, and cofilin-1, were validated by western blot analysis. Further function network analysis of these proteins revealed that the Rho family GTPases RhoA and Rac1 might be of particular importance for the rat prostate cancer cell invasion. Pharmacological data revealed that JZTX-I and HNTX-III could modulate the Rho signaling pathway in a Nav1.7-dependent manner. In summary, this study suggests that the Nav1.7-dependent regulation of Rho GTPase activity plays a vital role in Mat-LyLu cell migration and invasion and provides new insights into the treatment of prostate cancer. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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Name: The FEBS journal
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A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
A synthetic retinoid that is used orally as a chemopreventive against prostate cancer and in women at risk of developing contralateral breast cancer. It is also effective as an antineoplastic agent.
Tissue ablation of the PROSTATE performed by ultrasound from a transducer placed in the RECTUM. The procedure is used to treat prostate cancer (PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS) and benign prostatic hypertrophy (PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA).
Proteins secreted by the prostate gland. The major secretory proteins from the human prostate gland include PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN, prostate-specific acid phosphatase, prostate-specific membrane antigen, and prostate-specific protein-94.
Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.