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A 19-year-old Caucasian female with adult onset Still's disease (AOSD) presented for evaluation of an acute clinical decompensation and atypical annular papules and plaques with purpura on the lower extremities. A punch biopsy demonstrated histiocytes with engulfed degenerated erythrocytes and lymphocytes, consistent with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). HLH, clinically referred to as macrophage activation syndrome, is a rare complication of AOSD and is life threatening. Relevant clinical, laboratory, and histologic features of this diagnosis are reviewed. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of cutaneous pathology
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The investigators evaluate the effectiveness and safeness of low-dose Recombinant Human Interleukin-2 （rhIL-2） for MAS.
The pathophysiology of macrophage activation syndrome has been mainly studied in pediatric genetic primary forms. There is little data in secondary forms related to bacterial sepsis. Becau...
A Study to Investigate the Safety and Efficacy of an Anti-IFN-gamma mAb in Children With Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (sJIA) Developing Macrophage Activation Syndrome/ Secondary Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis (MAS/sHLH)
Macrophage Activation Syndrome (MAS) is a rare, life-threatening condition characterized by uncontrolled hyperinflammation which may develop on the background of systemic Juvenile Idiopath...
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Macrophage activation syndrome(MAS) is a complication of bone marrow suppression, coagulopathy and CNS dysfunction which occurs in rheumatic diseases. Normally the (Hemophagocytic Lympho-H...
A serious complication of childhood systemic inflammatory disorders that is thought to be caused by excessive activation and proliferation of T-LYMPHOCYTES and MACROPHAGES. It is seen predominantly in children with systemic onset JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS.
The process of altering the morphology and functional activity of macrophages so that they become avidly phagocytic. It is initiated by lymphokines, such as the macrophage activation factor (MAF) and the macrophage migration-inhibitory factor (MMIF), immune complexes, C3b, and various peptides, polysaccharides, and immunologic adjuvants.
Rheumatoid arthritis of children occurring in three major subtypes defined by the symptoms present during the first six months following onset: systemic-onset (Still's Disease, Juvenile-Onset), polyarticular-onset, and pauciarticular-onset. Adult-onset cases of Still's disease (STILL'S DISEASE, ADULT-ONSET) are also known. Only one subtype of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.
Rare congenital metabolism disorders of the urea cycle. The disorders are due to mutations that result in complete (neonatal onset) or partial (childhood or adult onset) inactivity of an enzyme, involved in the urea cycle. Neonatal onset results in clinical features that include irritability, vomiting, lethargy, seizures, NEONATAL HYPOTONIA; RESPIRATORY ALKALOSIS; HYPERAMMONEMIA; coma, and death. Survivors of the neonatal onset and childhood/adult onset disorders share common risks for ENCEPHALOPATHIES, METABOLIC, INBORN; and RESPIRATORY ALKALOSIS due to HYPERAMMONEMIA.
Systemic-onset rheumatoid arthritis in adults. It differs from classical rheumatoid arthritis in that it is more often marked by acute febrile onset, and generalized lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly are more prominent.
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Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...