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Parent-clinician agreement in rating the presence and severity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms.

07:00 EST 1st March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Parent-clinician agreement in rating the presence and severity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms."

We determined the validity of a parent-report questionnaire as a research tool for rating attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in children. Using Cohen's kappa and Pearson correlation, we examined the agreement between parent reports of ADHD symptoms (using the Swanson, Nolan and Pelham Questionnaire-IV; SNAP-IV) and clinical judgment (using a semi-structured parent interview). Also, we explored factors that may be associated with the level of agreement, using regression analyses. We found moderate levels of agreement for severity of overall ADHD (r = 0.43) and for hyperactive-impulsive symptoms (r = 0.54), but no significant agreement for inattentive symptoms. On individual symptom level (range kappa = - 0.05-0.22) and for the presence/absence of ADHD (kappa = 0.14), agreement was poor. Therefore, we conclude that parent-report questionnaires may be acceptable to rate the overall severity of ADHD symptoms in treatment effect studies, but not to detect the presence of ADHD in epidemiological studies.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorders
ISSN: 1866-6647
Pages: 21-29

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A condition occurring in FETUS or NEWBORN due to in utero ETHANOL exposure when mother consumed alcohol during PREGNANCY. It is characterized by a cluster of irreversible BIRTH DEFECTS including abnormalities in physical, mental, and behavior development (such as FETAL GROWTH RETARDATION; MENTAL RETARDATION; ATTENTION DEFICIT AND DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR DISORDERS) with varied degree of severity in an individual.

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A methylphenidate derivative, DOPAMINE UPTAKE INHIBITOR and CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM STIMULANT that is used in the treatment of ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER.

Providing the patient, family or others information, and then allowing them to take an action or restate the information in their own words. The clinician prefaces communications with a statement framed to show the clinician has the burden of effective communication rather than the patient.

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