A novel phage from periodontal pockets associated with chronic periodontitis.

08:00 EDT 29th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "A novel phage from periodontal pockets associated with chronic periodontitis."

Bacteriophages often constitute the majority of periodontal viral communities, but phages that infect oral bacteria remain uncharacterized. Here, we present the genetic analysis of the genome of a novel siphovirus, named Siphoviridae_29632, which was isolated from a patient with periodontitis using a viral metagenomics-based approach. Among 43 predicted open reading frames (ORFs) in the genome, the viral genes encoding structural proteins were distinct from the counterparts of other viruses, although a distant homology is shared among viral morphogenesis proteins. A total of 28 predicted coding sequences had significant homology to other known phage ORF sequences. In addition, the prevalence of Siphoviridae_29632 in a cohort of patients with chronic periodontitis was 41.67%, which was significantly higher than that in the healthy group (4.55%, P < 0.001), suggesting that this virus as well as its hosts may contribute to the ecological environment favored for chronic periodontitis.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Virus genes
ISSN: 1572-994X


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [7070 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Role of occlusion in periodontal disease.

This article deals with establishing a new link between trauma from occlusion and periodontal pockets based on the know-how and background gradually developed. To provide a better understanding to the...

Nanofibers with Incorporated Autochthonous Bacteria as Potential Probiotics for Local Treatment of Periodontal Disease.

The conventional treatment of periodontal disease does not solve the high incidence of re-colonization of the periodontal pockets by pathogens. Here, we introduce an innovative concept of incorporatin...

Effect of non-surgical periodontal therapy on salivary metabolic fingerprint of generalized chronic periodontitis using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

Metabolomic analysis of saliva proved its accuracy in discriminating patients with generalized chronic periodontitis (GCP) from healthy subjects by identifying specific molecular signatures of the dis...

Detection of Virus Herpes Simplex Type 1 in Patients with Chronic Periodontal Disease.

Periodontal disease is an inflammatory-destructive condition of the supporting tissues of the teeth. Microorganisms found in the dental plaque were considered to be the primary local etiologic factor ...

Comparison of closed root planing with versus without concurrent doxycycline hyclate or clindamycin hydrochloride gel application for the treatment of periodontal disease in dogs.

OBJECTIVE To compare improvements in values for periodontal disease indices in dogs following treatment with closed root planing (CRP) alone, CRP with concurrent 8.5% doxycycline hyclate gel applicati...

Clinical Trials [6137 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Clinical Efficacy Of 810 Nanometer Diode Laser As An Adjunct To Mechanical Periodontal Treatment Of Residual Periodontal Pockets

Background: Aim of this randomized controlled parallel-designed study was to evaluate the effects of diode laser as an adjunct to mechanical periodontal treatment on clinical parameters an...

Efficacy of Adjunctive Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy for Residual Pockets in Previously Surgically Treated Teeth

Traditionally, periodontal gum surgery has been used as a method to gain access to inflamed periodontal pockets around teeth. The outcome of these surgeries, however, is not always success...

Standard Root Planing vs. Periodontal Structure Repair Device for Treatment of Pockets Caused by Periodontal Disease

This study evaluates the efficacy and safety of Periodontal Structure Repair device (PRS) compared to conventional periodontal therapy (scaling and root planing) for the treatment of perio...

Dose Parameters for Photodynamic Therapy on Periodontal Disease

Due to the phenomenon of bacterial resistance, photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been studied as an alternative to the use of antibiotics on the periodontal treatment. However, the studies sh...

Evaluation of Adjunctive Injectable PRF Therapy Used in Conjunction With Scaling and Root Planning

Clinical evaluation of local administration of injectable PRF (injectable platelet-rich fibrin) in periodontal pockets as adjunctive therapy to scaling and root planing. 15 periodontal pat...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.

A species of bacteria in the family SPIROCHAETACEAE, frequently isolated from periodontal pockets (PERIODONTAL POCKET).

Localized circumscribed purulent area of inflammation in the periodontal tissue. It is a derivative of marginal periodontitis and commonly associated with suprabony and infrabony pockets and interradicular involvements, in contrast to periapical abscess which is attributable to pulp necrosis.

Loss or destruction of periodontal tissue caused by periodontitis or other destructive periodontal diseases or by injury during instrumentation. Attachment refers to the periodontal ligament which attaches to the alveolar bone. It has been hypothesized that treatment of the underlying periodontal disease and the seeding of periodontal ligament cells enable the creating of new attachment.

Any restorative and replacement device that is used as a therapeutic aid in the treatment of periodontal disease. It is an adjunct to other forms of periodontal therapy and does not cure periodontal disease by itself. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 3d ed)

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...

Searches Linking to this Article