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Intracellular transport is performed often by multiple motor proteins bound to the same cargo. Here, we study theoretically collective transport of the cargo by two kinesin motors. We propose that the motor has only the elastic interaction with the cargo via the linker connecting them and has no interaction with another motor. With parameters values for single motors from the available single-molecule data, we show that at linker's elastic strength [Formula: see text] pN/nm the theoretical data of both velocity and run length of the two-motor assembly under no load are identical to the available experimental data. The run length distribution is single exponential. The single-motor-bound state of the assembly dominates the transport. Both the force dependence of the velocity of the cargo driven by single load-bearing motor and that by two load-bearing motors in the assembly are consistent with the experimental data. The stall force of the assembly is larger than the sum of stall forces of two uncoupled motors. Moreover, we predict that the stall force increases with the increase of K and becomes saturated at large K, with the saturated value being 1.5-fold larger than the sum of stall forces of the two uncoupled motors.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The European physical journal. E, Soft matter
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A class of proteins involved in the transport of molecules via TRANSPORT VESICLES. They perform functions such as binding to the cell membrane, capturing cargo molecules and promoting the assembly of CLATHRIN. The majority of adaptor proteins exist as multi-subunit complexes, however monomeric varieties have also been found.
Nucleocytoplasmic transport molecules that bind to the NUCLEAR LOCALIZATION SIGNALS of cytoplasmic molecules destined to be imported into the CELL NUCLEUS. Once attached to their cargo they bind to BETA KARYOPHERINS and are transported through the NUCLEAR PORE COMPLEX. Inside the CELL NUCLEUS alpha karyopherins dissociate from beta karypherins and their cargo. They then form a complex with CELLULAR APOPTOSIS SUSCEPTIBILITY PROTEIN and RAN GTP-BINDING PROTEIN which is exported to the CYTOPLASM.
A multi-subunit protein of EUKARYOTIC CELLS. It functions in bidirectional intracellular transport of ORGANELLES and CYTOPLASMIC VESICLES by linking them to DYNEIN and KINESIN.
A microtubule-associated mechanical adenosine triphosphatase, that uses the energy of ATP hydrolysis to move organelles along microtubules toward the plus end of the microtubule. The protein is found in squid axoplasm, optic lobes, and in bovine brain. Bovine kinesin is a heterotetramer composed of two heavy (120 kDa) and two light (62 kDa) chains. EC 3.6.1.-.
The mechanical laws of fluid dynamics as they apply to urine transport.