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Increased inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression has been reported in heart failure, cardiomyopathies, and arteriosclerosis. iNOS is expressed in the heart upon inflammatory stimuli and produces excessive amounts of nitric oxide (NO). The overproduction of NO is cytotoxic and involved in cardiovascular diseases. Furthermore, iNOS produces superoxide anion which proceeds with NO to the harmful oxidant peroxynitrite, causing oxidative stress in the heart. The aim of the study was to gain new insights into the role of iNOS in human myocardial infarction (MI) and its contribution to oxidative stress in the heart. Furthermore, we investigated the unaffected myocardium of the infarction hearts, to study if iNOS expression is increased, probably as an indicator for oxidative stress. Our results show a significant increase (p = 0.013) of the iNOS expression in the affected regions of MI hearts (n = 9) in comparison with healthy control hearts (n = 4). In the unaffected regions of MI hearts, an increase in the iNOS expression in some samples was found as well. Our study demonstrated the direct detection of iNOS mRNA in human myocardial tissue. The balance between beneficial and deleterious effects of iNOS may be particularly influenced by the presence or absence of concurrent oxidative stress.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of legal medicine
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A CALCIUM-independent subtype of nitric oxide synthase that may play a role in immune function. It is an inducible enzyme whose expression is transcriptionally regulated by a variety of CYTOKINES.
A CALCIUM-dependent, constitutively-expressed form of nitric oxide synthase found primarily in ENDOTHELIAL CELLS.
A CALCIUM-dependent, constitutively-expressed form of nitric oxide synthase found primarily in NERVE TISSUE.
A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.
An NADPH-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of L-ARGININE and OXYGEN to produce CITRULLINE and NITRIC OXIDE.
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Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
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