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Endoglucanases are an enzyme of cellulases complex that has a great potential for many technological applications. One of the issues of its use concerns the recovery and reuse of this enzyme. Thus, in this study, the use of a surface-modified kaolin was evaluated to immobilize endoglucanase and evaluate the enzyme activity for its reuse. Kaolin was surface modified with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) and glutaraldehyde (GA). In addition, the properties of the immobilized enzyme were investigated and compared with those of the free enzyme. Results showed that the optimal pH value of endoglucanase was not affected by the immobilization process but showed a broader range of optimal temperature compared to free enzyme. Immobilization on kaolin allowed fast and easy cellulase recovery with a loss of enzyme activity of only 20% after eight cycles of use. These results indicate that kaolin is a promising substitute to the currently synthetic supports studied for cellulases immobilization with the advantage of being abundant in nature, resistant to microbial attack, chemically and mechanically stable.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bioprocess and biosystems engineering
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Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Financial support of research activities.
Financial support for training including both student stipends and loans and training grants to institutions.
The most common mineral of a group of hydrated aluminum silicates, approximately H2Al2Si2O8-H2O. It is prepared for pharmaceutical and medicinal purposes by levigating with water to remove sand, etc. (From Merck Index, 11th ed) The name is derived from Kao-ling (Chinese: "high ridge"), the original site. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The initial life support care of the severely injured patient.
Enzymes are proteins that catalyze (i.e., increase the rates of) chemical reactions. In enzymatic reactions, the molecules at the beginning of the process, called substrates, are converted into different molecules, called products. Almost all chemical re...