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Cdc14 activation requires coordinated Cdk1-dependent phosphorylation of Net1 and PP2A-Cdc55 at anaphase onset.

08:00 EDT 29th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Cdc14 activation requires coordinated Cdk1-dependent phosphorylation of Net1 and PP2A-Cdc55 at anaphase onset."

Exit from mitosis and completion of cytokinesis require the inactivation of mitotic cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) activity. In budding yeast, Cdc14 phosphatase is a key mitotic regulator that is activated in anaphase to counteract Cdk activity. In metaphase, Cdc14 is kept inactive in the nucleolus, where it is sequestered by its inhibitor, Net1. At anaphase onset, downregulation of PP2A phosphatase by separase and Zds1 protein promotes Net1 phosphorylation and, consequently, Cdc14 release from the nucleolus. The mechanism by which PP2A activity is downregulated during anaphase remains to be elucidated. Here, we demonstrate that Cdc55 regulatory subunit is phosphorylated in anaphase in a Cdk1-Clb2-dependent manner. Interestingly, cdc55-ED phosphomimetic mutant inactivates PP2A phosphatase activity towards Net1 and promotes Cdc14 activation. Separase and Zds1 facilitate Cdk-dependent Net1 phosphorylation and Cdc14 release from the nucleolus by modulating PP2A activity via Cdc55 phosphorylation. In addition, human Cdk1-CyclinB1 phosphorylates human B55, indicating that the mechanism is conserved in higher eukaryotes.

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Name: Cellular and molecular life sciences : CMLS
ISSN: 1420-9071
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A monomeric calcium-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase subtype that specifically phosphorylates PEPTIDE ELONGATION FACTOR 2. The enzyme lacks a phosphorylatable activation domain that can respond to CALCIUM-CALMODULIN-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASE KINASE, however it is regulated by phosphorylation by PROTEIN KINASE A and through intramolecular autophosphorylation.

A group of enzymes that are dependent on CYCLIC AMP and catalyze the phosphorylation of SERINE or THREONINE residues on proteins. Included under this category are two cyclic-AMP-dependent protein kinase subtypes, each of which is defined by its subunit composition.

A group of enzymes that are dependent on cyclic GMP and catalyzes the phosphorylation of serine or threonine residues of proteins.

A CALMODULIN-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the phosphorylation of proteins. This enzyme is also sometimes dependent on CALCIUM. A wide range of proteins can act as acceptor, including VIMENTIN; SYNAPSINS; GLYCOGEN SYNTHASE; MYOSIN LIGHT CHAINS; and the MICROTUBULE-ASSOCIATED PROTEINS. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p277)

A cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor that coordinates the activation of CYCLIN and CYCLIN-DEPENDENT KINASES during the CELL CYCLE. It interacts with active CYCLIN D complexed to CYCLIN-DEPENDENT KINASE 4 in proliferating cells, while in arrested cells it binds and inhibits CYCLIN E complexed to CYCLIN-DEPENDENT KINASE 2.

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