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There is increasing evidence that interaction between programmed death 1 (PD-1) and its ligands PD-1 (PD-L1) plays a critical role in the pathology of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD). However, the role of PD-L1 in the development of aGVHD has been controversial in recent mouse studies. In this study, we carried out studies in a murine aGVHD model to clarify the role of PD-L1 in aGVHD pathogenesis. We found that systemic overexpression of PD-L1 by hydrodynamic gene transfer (HGT) method in vivo ameliorates aGVHD-induced lethality in mice. Systemic overexpression of PD-L1 inhibits the donor T cells activation, effector memory status, as well as Th1 and Th17 cells responses in vivo. In addition, PD-L1 Ig treatment significantly suppressed T cells' proliferation, promoted T cells' apoptosis, and reduced pro-inflammatory cytokines expression by effector T cells in vitro in the stimulation of anti-CD3/CD28 and allogeneic dendritic cells. However, we found that PD-L1 overexpression did not affect Treg cells' differentiation in vivo and in vitro, depletion of Treg cells in PD-L1 HGT recipients did not aggravate aGVHD mortality. Therefore, our results demonstrated that systemic treatment with PD-L1 protein ameliorates aGVHD by suppressing effector but not regulatory T cell function. Our findings suggest that systemic treatment with PD-L1 may be a potential strategy to prevent or ameliorate aGVHD.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Archivum immunologiae et therapiae experimentalis
This retrospective study analyzed the impact of early cyclosporine-A (CsA) initiation (day - 3) on the risk of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGvHD) after haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplan...
This study reports the incidence, anatomic location, and outcomes of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) at a single active intestine transplant center.
Lack of acute xenogeneic graft- versus-host disease, but retention of T-cell function following engraftment of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells in NSG mice deficient in MHC class I and II expression.
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Acute GVHD is a potentially lethal complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We report four sequential patients who developed grade IV steroid-refractory cutaneous acu...
To test a new agent, LBH589, in combination with glucocorticoids as initial therapy of acute graft versus host disease.
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An immunological attack mounted by a graft against the host because of tissue incompatibility when immunologically competent cells are transplanted to an immunologically incompetent host; the resulting clinical picture is that of GRAFT VS HOST DISEASE.
The clinical entity characterized by anorexia, diarrhea, loss of hair, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, growth retardation, and eventual death brought about by the GRAFT VS HOST REACTION.
The immune responses of a host to a graft. A specific response is GRAFT REJECTION.
The survival of a graft in a host, the factors responsible for the survival and the changes occurring within the graft during growth in the host.
A broad approach to appropriate coordination of the entire disease treatment process that often involves shifting away from more expensive inpatient and acute care to areas such as preventive medicine, patient counseling and education, and outpatient care. This concept includes implications of appropriate versus inappropriate therapy on the overall cost and clinical outcome of a particular disease. (From Hosp Pharm 1995 Jul;30(7):596)
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