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PD-L1 Ameliorates Murine Acute Graft-Versus-Host Disease by Suppressing Effector But Not Regulatory T Cells Function.

08:00 EDT 29th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "PD-L1 Ameliorates Murine Acute Graft-Versus-Host Disease by Suppressing Effector But Not Regulatory T Cells Function."

There is increasing evidence that interaction between programmed death 1 (PD-1) and its ligands PD-1 (PD-L1) plays a critical role in the pathology of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD). However, the role of PD-L1 in the development of aGVHD has been controversial in recent mouse studies. In this study, we carried out studies in a murine aGVHD model to clarify the role of PD-L1 in aGVHD pathogenesis. We found that systemic overexpression of PD-L1 by hydrodynamic gene transfer (HGT) method in vivo ameliorates aGVHD-induced lethality in mice. Systemic overexpression of PD-L1 inhibits the donor T cells activation, effector memory status, as well as Th1 and Th17 cells responses in vivo. In addition, PD-L1 Ig treatment significantly suppressed T cells' proliferation, promoted T cells' apoptosis, and reduced pro-inflammatory cytokines expression by effector T cells in vitro in the stimulation of anti-CD3/CD28 and allogeneic dendritic cells. However, we found that PD-L1 overexpression did not affect Treg cells' differentiation in vivo and in vitro, depletion of Treg cells in PD-L1 HGT recipients did not aggravate aGVHD mortality. Therefore, our results demonstrated that systemic treatment with PD-L1 protein ameliorates aGVHD by suppressing effector but not regulatory T cell function. Our findings suggest that systemic treatment with PD-L1 may be a potential strategy to prevent or ameliorate aGVHD.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Archivum immunologiae et therapiae experimentalis
ISSN: 1661-4917
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