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Mitochondrial DNA-Induced Inflammatory Responses and Lung Injury in Thermal Injury Murine Model: Protective Effect of Cyclosporine-A.

08:00 EDT 30th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Mitochondrial DNA-Induced Inflammatory Responses and Lung Injury in Thermal Injury Murine Model: Protective Effect of Cyclosporine-A."

Burn trauma is generally associated with profound inflammation and organ injuries, especially the lung. Damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), such as mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), released after tissue injuries, play a crucial role in the development of the inflammation. The aim of our study was to investigate the protective profiles of cyclosporine-A (CsA) in murine models with thermal injury. We studied 24 C57BL/6 mice which were randomly subjected to four groups: a sham-operation group (SO group, n = 6), an experiment group (a full-thickness thermal injury covered 30% of the TBSA, n = 6), a low-CsA group (injection of 2.5 mg/kg of CsA 15 min before the thermal injury, n = 6) and a high-CsA group (injection of 25 mg/kg of CsA 15 min before the thermal injury, n = 6). Systemic inflammatory mediators and plasma mtDNA were measured while lung injury was evaluated pathologically and cytosolic cytochrome c and mtDNA were detected. Noticeable increases in concentration of mtDNA and inflammatory mediators were obtained in the experiment group and two CsA groups comparing with the SO group (P < .05). There were significant decreases in the concentrations of mtDNA and inflammatory mediators with increasing doses of CsA (P < .05). Similarly, severity of lung injury was mitigated with increasing doses of CsA. Meanwhile, CsA also attenuated oxidative stress and release of cytochrome c and mtDNA in the lung tissue on a dose-dependent manner (P < .05). Our results suggested mtDNA contributes to the development of thermal injury-induced inflammation and lung injury. CsA might exert dual protective effects, reducing the release of mtDNA and limiting the mtDNA-induced mitochondrial dysfunction in the lung, on the thermal injury-induced acute lung injury.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of burn care & research : official publication of the American Burn Association
ISSN: 1559-0488
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Damage to any compartment of the lung caused by physical, chemical, or biological agents which characteristically elicit inflammatory reaction. These inflammatory reactions can either be acute and dominated by NEUTROPHILS, or chronic and dominated by LYMPHOCYTES and MACROPHAGES.

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