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Expanding the genetic basis of ataxia.

08:00 EDT 1st April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Expanding the genetic basis of ataxia."

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Nature genetics
ISSN: 1546-1718
Pages: 580-581

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Production of new arrangements of DNA by various mechanisms such as assortment and segregation, CROSSING OVER; GENE CONVERSION; GENETIC TRANSFORMATION; GENETIC CONJUGATION; GENETIC TRANSDUCTION; or mixed infection of viruses.

Impairment of the ability to perform smoothly coordinated voluntary movements. This condition may affect the limbs, trunk, eyes, pharynx, larynx, and other structures. Ataxia may result from impaired sensory or motor function. Sensory ataxia may result from posterior column injury or PERIPHERAL NERVE DISEASES. Motor ataxia may be associated with CEREBELLAR DISEASES; CEREBRAL CORTEX diseases; THALAMIC DISEASES; BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES; injury to the RED NUCLEUS; and other conditions.

A deubiquitinating enzyme of the ATAXINS family. It functions in protein homeostasis, GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION; CYTOSKELETON regulation, and MYOGENESIS. CAG TRINUCLEOTIDE REPEAT EXPANSION in the Ataxin-3 gene coding region is associated with spinocerebellar ataxia-3 (MACHADO-JOSEPH DISEASE).

The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.

Macromolecular molds for the synthesis of complementary macromolecules, as in DNA REPLICATION; GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION of DNA to RNA, and GENETIC TRANSLATION of RNA into POLYPEPTIDES.

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