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Patients with immunoglobulin (Ig) light-chain (LC) diseases such as LC light-chain amyloidosis die with organ failure and need new therapies. We sought a model to test anti-LC siRNA delivery to human plasma cells, requiring circulating LC, in vivo indicators of tumor presence, and capacity for multiple injections of delivery vehicle. The JJN-3 human myeloma reporter cell line expressing firefly luciferase (FFL) implanted intraperitoneally (IP) in the NOD scid γ (NSG) mouse has a 90% prompt tumor-take, rapid LC production, and in vivo indicators of tumor measurable on day 5 post-implant (κ LC, bioluminescent signal, and soluble B-cell maturation antigen [sBCMA]) with median day 5 serum levels of κ LC of 1482 ng/mL (range, 255-4831) and robust correlations with all in vivo indicators. In preliminary attempts to deliver siRNA against κ LC constant region mRNA, we identified the 306-O18B3 lipidoid nanoparticle (LNP) as promising, safe and efficient in vitro. In vivo in the JJN-3 NSG IP model, after daily IP 306-O18B3:siRNA injections on days 5-10, a reduction in κ LC was observed on day 8 between control and test groups that continued through day 12 at sacrifice. This model is potentially useful as a platform for refining anti-LC therapies.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Gene therapy
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