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Yeasts are extremely useful, not only for fermentation but also for a wide spectrum of fuel and chemical productions. We analyzed the overall metabolic turnover and transcript dynamics in glycolysis and the TCA cycle, revealing the difference in adaptive pyruvate metabolic response between a Crabtree-negative species, Kluyveromyces marxianus, and a Crabtree-positive species, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, during aerobic growth. Pyruvate metabolism was inclined toward ethanol production under aerobic conditions in S. cerevisiae, while increased transcript abundances of the genes involved in ethanol metabolism and those encoding pyruvate dehydrogenase were seen in K. marxianus, indicating the augmentation of acetyl-CoA synthesis. Furthermore, different metabolic turnover in the TCA cycle was observed in the two species: malate and fumarate production in S. cerevisiae was higher than in K. marxianus, irrespective of aeration; however, fluxes of both the reductive and oxidative TCA cycles were enhanced in K. marxianus by aeration, implying both the cycles contribute to efficient electron flux without producing ethanol. Additionally, decreased hexokinase activity under aerobic conditions is expected to be important for maintenance of suitable carbon flux. These findings demonstrate differences in the key metabolic trait of yeasts employing respiration or fermentation, and provide important insight into the metabolic engineering of yeasts.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Scientific reports
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The first committed enzyme of the biosynthesis pathway that leads to the production of STEROLS. it catalyzes the synthesis of SQUALENE from farnesyl pyrophosphate via the intermediate PRESQUALENE PYROPHOSPHATE. This enzyme is also a critical branch point enzyme in the biosynthesis of ISOPRENOIDS that is thought to regulate the flux of isoprene intermediates through the sterol pathway.
Enzyme that catalyzes the first step of the tricarboxylic acid cycle (CITRIC ACID CYCLE). It catalyzes the reaction of oxaloacetate and acetyl CoA to form citrate and coenzyme A. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 188.8.131.52.
A hexosiminidase that specifically hydrolyzes terminal non-reducing N-acetyl-D-galactosamine residues in N-acetyl-beta-D-galactosaminides.
An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of acetoacetyl-CoA from two molecules of ACETYL COA. Some enzymes called thiolase or thiolase-I have referred to this activity or to the activity of ACETYL-COA C-ACYLTRANSFERASE.
An ascomycetous yeast of the fungal family Saccharomycetaceae, order SACCHAROMYCETALES.
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