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Alternative sigma factor B (σ) and catalase enzyme contribute to Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm's tolerance against physico-chemical disinfection.

08:00 EDT 29th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Alternative sigma factor B (σ) and catalase enzyme contribute to Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm's tolerance against physico-chemical disinfection."

Staphylococcus epidermidis is the predominant cause of recalcitrant biofilm-associated infections, which are often highly resistant to antibiotics. Thus, the use of physico-chemical agents for disinfection offers a more effective approach to the control of S. epidermidis biofilm infections. However, the underlying tolerance mechanisms employed by S. epidermidis biofilm against these physico-chemical disinfectants remain largely unknown. The expression of a σ-dependent gene, alkaline shock protein 23 (asp23) and catalase activity by S. epidermidis biofilm and planktonic cells exposed to heat (50 °C), 0.8 M sodium chloride (NaCl), 5 mM sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) or 50 μM hydrogen peroxide (HO) for 60 minutes were compared. Significantly higher asp23 expression levels were observed in biofilms exposed to 50 °C, 5 mM NaOCl or 50 μM HO compared to the corresponding planktonic cells (p < 0.05). Conversely, asp23 expression levels in biofilm and planktonic cells exposed to 0.8 M NaCl were not significantly different (p > 0.05). Further, biofilms exposed to 50 °C, 0.8 M NaCl, 5 mM NaOCl or 50 μM HO exhibited significantly higher catalase activity than the planktonic cells (p < 0.05). These results suggest that activities of σ and catalase may be involved in the tolerance of S. epidermidis biofilm against physico-chemical disinfection.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Scientific reports
ISSN: 2045-2322
Pages: 5355

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A COAGULASE-negative species of STAPHYLOCOCCUS found on the skin and MUCOUS MEMBRANE of warm-blooded animals. Similar to STAPHYLOCOCCUS EPIDERMIDIS and STAPHYLOCOCCUS HAEMOLYTICUS, it is a nosocomial pathogen in NICU settings. Subspecies include generally antibiotic susceptible and BIOFILM negative capitis and antibiotic resistant and biofilm positive urealyticus isolates.

A species of STAPHYLOCOCCUS that is a spherical, non-motile, gram-positive, chemoorganotrophic, facultative anaerobe. Mainly found on the skin and mucous membrane of warm-blooded animals, it can be primary pathogen or secondary invader.

The external, nonvascular layer of the skin. It is made up, from within outward, of five layers of EPITHELIUM: (1) basal layer (stratum basale epidermidis); (2) spinous layer (stratum spinosum epidermidis); (3) granular layer (stratum granulosum epidermidis); (4) clear layer (stratum lucidum epidermidis); and (5) horny layer (stratum corneum epidermidis).

A DNA-directed RNA polymerase found in BACTERIA. It is a holoenzyme that consists of multiple subunits including sigma factor 54.

A serum protein which is important in the ALTERNATIVE COMPLEMENT ACTIVATION PATHWAY. This enzyme cleaves the COMPLEMENT C3B-bound COMPLEMENT FACTOR B to form C3bBb which is ALTERNATIVE PATHWAY C3 CONVERTASE.

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