Hydrogen sulfide: a gaseous signaling molecule modulates tissue homeostasis: implications in ophthalmic diseases.

08:00 EDT 29th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Hydrogen sulfide: a gaseous signaling molecule modulates tissue homeostasis: implications in ophthalmic diseases."

Hydrogen sulfide (HS) serves as a gasotransmitter in the regulation of organ development and maintenance of homeostasis in tissues. Its abnormal levels are associated with multiple human diseases, such as neurodegenerative disease, myocardial injury, and ophthalmic diseases. Excessive exposure to HS could lead to cellular toxicity, orchestrate pathological process, and increase the risk of various diseases. Interestingly, under physiological status, HS plays a critical role in maintaining cellular physiology and limiting damages to tissues. In mammalian species, the generation of HS is catalyzed by cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS), cystathionine gamma-lyase (CSE), 3-mercapto-methylthio pyruvate aminotransferase (3MST) and cysteine aminotransferase (CAT). These enzymes are found inside the mammalian eyeballs at different locations. Their aberrant expression and the accumulation of substrates and intermediates can change the level of HS by orders of magnitude, causing abnormal structures or functions in the eyes. Detailed investigations have demonstrated that HS donors' administration could regulate intraocular pressure, protect retinal cells, inhibit oxidative stress and alleviate inflammation by modulating the function of intra or extracellular proteins in ocular tissues. Thus, several slow-releasing HS donors have been shown to be promising drugs for treating multiple diseases. In this review, we discuss the biological function of HS metabolism and its application in ophthalmic diseases.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Cell death & disease
ISSN: 2041-4889
Pages: 293


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Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that is devoted to the study and treatment of eye diseases. As well as mild visual defects correctable by lenses, ophthalmology is concerned with glaucoma, uveitis and other serious conditions affecting the eye, ...

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