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Use of the high affinity phosphate transporter gene, pstS, as an indicator for phosphorus stress in the marine diazotroph Crocosphaera watsonii (Chroococcales, Cyanobacteria).

08:00 EDT 31st March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Use of the high affinity phosphate transporter gene, pstS, as an indicator for phosphorus stress in the marine diazotroph Crocosphaera watsonii (Chroococcales, Cyanobacteria)."

The marine diazotroph Crocosphaera watsonii provides fixed carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) to open ocean regimes, where nutrient deficiency controls productivity. The growth of Crocosphaera can be limited by low phosphorus (P) concentrations in these oligotrophic environments. Biomarkers such as the high-affinity ABC transporter phosphate-binding gene, pstS, are commonly used to monitor when such organisms are under P stress, however transcriptional regulation of these markers is often complex and not well-understood. In this study, we interrogated changes in pstS transcript levels in Crocosphaera watsonii cells under P starvation, and in response to added dissolved inorganic phosphorus (DIP), dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP), and changing light levels. We observed elevated relative pstS transcript levels in C. watsonii WH8501 at DIP concentrations below 60 and above 20 nmol · L . Transcript levels were suppressed by both inorganic and bioavailable organic phosphorus, however the P stress response was more sensitive to DIP than DOP sources. Increasing light intensity resulted in increased relative pstS transcript abundances independently of low external P, and seemed to exacerbate the physiological effects of P stress. The variable response to different phosphorus compounds and rapid and transient influence of high light on pstS transcript abundances suggests that pstS is an indicator of internal P status in Crocosphaera. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of phycology
ISSN: 1529-8817
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A high-affinity, low capacity system y+ amino acid transporter with strong similarity to CATIONIC AMINO ACID TRANSPORTER 1. The two isoforms of the protein, CAT-2A and CAT-2B, exist due to alternative mRNA splicing. The transporter has specificity for the transport of ARGININE; LYSINE; and ORNITHINE.

A high-affinity, ATP-binding, co-transporter for CARNITINE that is highly expressed in kidney, skeletal muscle, heart, and placental tissues. It transports one sodium ion with one carnitine molecule. It has a lower affinity for other organic cations and transports them independently of sodium. Mutations in the SLC22A5 gene are associated with systemic carnitine deficiency.

A high-affinity, low capacity system y+ amino acid transporter found ubiquitously. It has specificity for the transport of ARGININE; LYSINE; and ORNITHINE. It may also act as an ecotropic leukemia retroviral receptor.

Phosphorus used in foods or obtained from food. This element is a major intracellular component which plays an important role in many biochemical pathways relating to normal physiological functions. High concentrations of dietary phosphorus can cause nephrocalcinosis which is associated with impaired kidney function. Low concentrations of dietary phosphorus cause an increase in calcitriol in the blood and osteoporosis.

Stable phosphorus atoms that have the same atomic number as the element phosphorus, but differ in atomic weight. P-31 is a stable phosphorus isotope.

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