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Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) has been used for several decades to characterize thermal stability of macromolecules such as proteins and DNA. It allows to determine the denaturation temperature and enthalpy of individual domains of proteins, thus giving new insights into their domain organization and ligand interaction. Over the past decade, it has been shown that this technique can also be used to study biofluids such as plasma or cerebrospinal fluid to obtain denaturation profiles. An increasing number of studies demonstrated that such profiles obtained from patients were significantly different from profiles obtained using biofluids of healthy individuals. This opens interesting perspectives for new diagnostics and monitoring tools for a large number of diseases. Nevertheless, the extensive studies of plasma samples from patients with different pathologies as well as the development of standardized methods of data analysis are necessary to reach the promising diagnostic potential of this methodology. Using plasma samples from healthy individuals and glioblastoma patients, we outline the steps necessary to obtain a plasmatic calorimetric profile with VP-DSC instrument and describe a cluster analysis of obtained data.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)
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Differential thermal analysis in which the sample compartment of the apparatus is a differential calorimeter, allowing an exact measure of the heat of transition independent of the specific heat, thermal conductivity, and other variables of the sample.
A scanning probe microscopy technique that uses an ultramicroelectrode as the scanning probe that simultaneously records changes in electrochemical potential as it scans thereby creating topographical images with localized electrochemical information.
Scanning microscopy in which a very sharp probe is employed in close proximity to a surface, exploiting a particular surface-related property. When this property is local topography, the method is atomic force microscopy (MICROSCOPY, ATOMIC FORCE), and when it is local conductivity, the method is scanning tunneling microscopy (MICROSCOPY, SCANNING TUNNELING).
A type of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY in which the object is examined directly by an extremely narrow electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point and using the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen to create the image. It should not be confused with SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
A type of scanning probe microscopy in which a very sharp conducting needle is swept just a few angstroms above the surface of a sample. The tiny tunneling current that flows between the sample and the needle tip is measured, and from this are produced three-dimensional topographs. Due to the poor electron conductivity of most biological samples, thin metal coatings are deposited on the sample.
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