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Animal models are fundamental tools to study the biology of physiological processes and disease pathogenesis. To study invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD), many models using mice in particular have been established and developed during recent years. Thanks to the advances of the research in the pneumococcal field, nowadays, there is the possibility to use defined mouse models to study each disease caused by the pneumococcus. In this chapter mouse models for pneumonia, bacteremia, and meningitis are described. Since pneumococci are commensal pathogens found to a high extent in healthy individuals. Hence, we also describe a mouse model for nasopharyngeal colonization.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)
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A pneumococcal vaccine which 7 pneumococcal serotypes (6B, 14, 19F, 23F, 18C, 4, 9V), each conjugated individually to the outer membrane protein complex of NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS.
Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
One of the first INBRED MOUSE STRAINS to be sequenced. This strain is commonly used as genetic background for transgenic mouse models. Refractory to many tumors, this strain is also preferred model for studying role of genetic variations in development of diseases.
Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.
Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...