Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Since the introduction of insulin as a life-saving agent for patients with type 1 diabetes, insulin preparations have evolved to approximate physiologic insulin delivery profiles to meet prandial and basal insulin needs. While prandial insulins are designed to have quick time-action profiles that minimize postprandial glucose excursions, basal insulins are designed to have a protracted time-action profile to facilitate basal glucose control over 24 h. Given that all insulins have the same mechanism of action at the target tissue level, the differences in time-action profiles are achieved through different mechanisms of protraction, resulting in different behaviors in the subcutaneous space and different rates of absorption into the circulation. Herein, we evaluate the differences in basal insulin preparations based on their differential mechanisms of protraction, and the resulting clinical action profiles. Multiple randomized control trials and real-world evidence studies have demonstrated that the newer second-generation basal insulin analogs, insulin glargine 300 units/mL and insulin degludec 100 or 200 units/mL, provide stable glycemic control with once-daily dosing and are associated with a reduced risk of hypoglycemia compared with previous-generation basal insulin analogs insulin glargine 100 units/mL and insulin detemir. These advantages can lead to decreased healthcare resource utilization and cost. With this collective knowledge, healthcare providers and payers can make educated and well-informed decisions when determining which treatment regimen best meets the needs of each individual patient.Funding: Sanofi US, Inc.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Advances in therapy
Second-generation basal insulin analogues (e.g. insulin degludec, insulin glargine 300 U/mL), were designed to further extend the duration of insulin action and reduce within-day and day-to-day variab...
To describe in a real-world setting the achievement of physician-selected individualized HbA targets in people with type 2 diabetes, newly or recently initiated on basal insulin, and the association o...
Predictive factors of efficacy of combination therapy with basal insulin and liraglutide in type 2 diabetes when switched from longstanding basal-bolus insulin: Association between the responses of β- and α-cells to GLP-1 stimulation and the glycaemic control at 6 months after switching therapy.
To evaluate the glycaemic control of combination therapy with basal insulin and liraglutide, and to explore the factors predictive of efficacy in patients with type 2 diabetes when switched from longs...
Effects of Insulin Degludec and Insulin Glargine U300 on Day-to-Day Fasting Plasma Glucose Variability in Individuals with Type 1 Diabetes: A Multicenter, Randomized, Crossover Study (Kobe Best Basal Insulin Study 2).
Administered basal insulin markedly influences the fasting plasma glucose (FPG) level of individuals with type 1 diabetes. Insulin degludec (IDeg) and insulin glargine U300 (IGlar U300) are now availa...
Insulin pumps are used for basal rate and bolus insulin delivery in patients with diabetes. In this in vitro study, accuracy of delivery of different commercial insulin pumps was evaluated.
The purpose of this study is to find out whether the combination of insulin and pramlintide is better than insulin alone at helping the pancreas release glucagon in response to a low blood...
This study in healthy volunteers aims to demonstrate similar PK and PD properties of the new human isophane Insulin, Julphar Insulin N, and the already approved reference Insulin, Huminsul...
This will be a Phase 2b, multicenter, randomized, double blind, titration clinical study, evaluating the efficacy and safety in the HDV Insulin Lispro Group versus Insulin Lispro Group in ...
Hyperglycemia during admission is associated with increased rate of complications and longer hospital stays, thus insulin treatment is recommended for all diabetes patients with hyperglyce...
16-week, open-label, multi-center pilot study. Insulin pump naïve subjects with type 2 diabetes who are not achieving glycemic targets (screening A1C ≥ 7.0%) on an established regimen o...
Regular insulin preparations that contain the SUS SCROFA insulin peptide sequence.
Insulin derivatives and preparations that are designed to induce a rapid HYPOGLYCEMIC EFFECT.
Regular insulin preparations that contain the HUMAN insulin peptide sequence.
A syndrome with excessively high INSULIN levels in the BLOOD. It may cause HYPOGLYCEMIA. Etiology of hyperinsulinism varies, including hypersecretion of a beta cell tumor (INSULINOMA); autoantibodies against insulin (INSULIN ANTIBODIES); defective insulin receptor (INSULIN RESISTANCE); or overuse of exogenous insulin or HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENTS.
Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS. It can be caused by the presence of INSULIN ANTIBODIES or the abnormalities in insulin receptors (RECEPTOR, INSULIN) on target cell surfaces. It is often associated with OBESITY; DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS; INFECTION; and certain rare conditions. (from Stedman, 25th ed)
Endocrine disorders are grouped into two categories: hormone imbalance - when a gland produces too much or too little of an endocrine hormone development of lesions (such as nodules or tumors) in the endocrine system, which may or may not affect...
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...