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Osteoblast adhesion and response mediated by terminal -SH group charge surface of SiOxCy nanowires.

08:00 EDT 30th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Osteoblast adhesion and response mediated by terminal -SH group charge surface of SiOxCy nanowires."

Robust cell adhesion is known to be necessary to promote cell colonization of biomaterials and differentiation of progenitors. In this paper, we propose the functionalization of Silicon Oxycarbide (SiOC) nanowires (NWs) with 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane (MPTMS), a molecule containing a terminal -SH group. The aim of this functionalization was to develop a surface capable to adsorb proteins and promote cell adhesion, proliferation and a better deposition of extracellular matrix. This functionalization can be used to anchor other structures such as nanoparticles, proteins or aptamers. It was observed that surface functionalization markedly affected the pattern of protein adsorption, as well as the in vitro proliferation of murine osteoblastic cells MC3T3-E1, which was increased on functionalized nanowires (MPTMS-NWs) compared to bare NWs (control) (p < 0.0001) after 48 h. The cells showed a better adhesion on MPTMS-NWs than on bare NWs, as confirmed by immunofluorescence studies on the cytoskeleton, which showed a more homogeneous vinculin distribution. Gene expression analysis showed higher expression levels for alkaline phosphatase and collagen I, putative markers of the osteoblast initial differentiation stage. These results suggest that functionalization of SiOC nanowires with MPTMS enhances cell growth and the expression of an osteoblastic phenotype, providing a promising strategy to improve the biocompatibility of SiOC nanowires for biomedical applications.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of materials science. Materials in medicine
ISSN: 1573-4838
Pages: 43

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A non-receptor protein tyrosine kinase that is localized to FOCAL ADHESIONS and is a central component of integrin-mediated SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION PATHWAYS. Focal adhesion kinase 1 interacts with PAXILLIN and undergoes PHOSPHORYLATION in response to adhesion of cell surface integrins to the EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX. Phosphorylated p125FAK protein binds to a variety of SH2 DOMAIN and SH3 DOMAIN containing proteins and helps regulate CELL ADHESION and CELL MIGRATION.

An atom or group of atoms that have a positive or negative electric charge due to a gain (negative charge) or loss (positive charge) of one or more electrons. Atoms with a positive charge are known as CATIONS; those with a negative charge are ANIONS.

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Surface ligands that mediate cell-to-cell adhesion and function in the assembly and interconnection of the vertebrate nervous system. These molecules promote cell adhesion via a homophilic mechanism. These are not to be confused with NEURAL CELL ADHESION MOLECULES, now known to be expressed in a variety of tissues and cell types in addition to nervous tissue.

Cell adhesion molecule involved in a diverse range of contact-mediated interactions among neurons, astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and myotubes. It is widely but transiently expressed in many tissues early in embryogenesis. Four main isoforms exist, including CD56; (ANTIGENS, CD56); but there are many other variants resulting from alternative splicing and post-translational modifications. (From Pigott & Power, The Adhesion Molecule FactsBook, 1993, pp115-119)

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