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Self-Esteem and HIV Infection in Morocco: Associated Factors Among People Living with HIV-Results from a Community-Based Study.

08:00 EDT 30th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Self-Esteem and HIV Infection in Morocco: Associated Factors Among People Living with HIV-Results from a Community-Based Study."

People living with HIV (PLHIV) face specific issues regarding mental quality of life (QoL), in particular self-esteem. The objective of this study was to measure self-esteem and to identify associated factors among PLHIV in Morocco. A 125-item questionnaire was administered to 300 PLHIV. The dependent variable was adapted from Rosenberg's self-esteem scale (range 0-4). A weighted multiple linear regression was performed. The mean level of self-esteem was 2.4 ± 1.0. The factors independently associated with self-esteem were: feeling of loneliness (p = 0.001), perceived seriousness of infection (p = 0.006), thinking serostatus disclosure was a mistake (p = 0.007), thinking HIV infection will last for life (p = 0.008), sexual orientation (p = 0.050), satisfaction with sexual life (p = 0.019) and perceived treatment efficacy (p = 0.009). These results underline the need for evidence-based interventions (e.g. anti-discrimination measures, interventions to prevent social isolation of PLHIV, support in the serostatus disclosure process), in order to improve the social environment and eventually improve their self-esteem and QoL.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Community mental health journal
ISSN: 1573-2789
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