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The quality of caregiving is often compromised when mothers have co-occurring difficulties such as substance misuse and problems associated with extreme emotional dysregulation. These, in turn, are associated with poor child outcomes. The aim of the current study was twofold. First, to investigate the potential differences in risk factors associated with poor child outcome by comparing three groups: substance misusing mothers (Substance Misusing Mothers; SMM); mothers matched on demographic characteristics (Matched Comparison Mothers; MCM) and mothers recruited from the community (Matched Control Comparison; MCC). Second, to investigate the underlying mechanisms which are associated with poor child outcome by testing a mediated moderation model to ascertain (i) whether environmental risk and borderline psychopathology was a mediator between maternal childhood trauma and quality of caregiving and (ii) maternal substance misuse status moderated outcome. There were no significant differences found between the SMM and MCM groups on the key variables, but significant differences on all variables for both SMM and MCM compared to CCM. The moderated mediation analysis found that while there was significant mediation of environmental risk and borderline pathology between maternal childhood trauma and child outcome, this was not moderated by maternal substance abuse status. The importance of environmental-risk as a mechanism leading to reduced caregiving quality suggest treatment programs need to consider targeting these factors in high risk families.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Child psychiatry and human development
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Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
The use of severity-of-illness measures, such as age, to estimate the risk (measurable or predictable chance of loss, injury or death) to which a patient is subject before receiving some health care intervention. This adjustment allows comparison of performance and quality across organizations, practitioners, and communities. (from JCAHO, Lexikon, 1994)
The influence of study results on the chances of publication and the tendency of investigators, reviewers, and editors to submit or accept manuscripts for publication based on the direction or strength of the study findings. Publication bias has an impact on the interpretation of clinical trials and meta-analyses. Bias can be minimized by insistence by editors on high-quality research, thorough literature reviews, acknowledgement of conflicts of interest, modification of peer review practices, etc.
Efforts to reduce risk, to address and reduce incidents and accidents that may negatively impact healthcare consumers.
Prospective risk assessment tool aimed at identifying potential risks and their impact in healthcare settings.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...