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Molecular genetics and therapeutic targets of pediatric low-grade gliomas.

08:00 EDT 30th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Molecular genetics and therapeutic targets of pediatric low-grade gliomas."

Pediatric low-grade gliomas (PLGGs) have relatively favorable prognosis and some resectable PLGGs, such as cerebellar pilocytic astrocytoma, can be cured by surgery alone. However, many PLGG cases are unresectable and some of them undergo tumor progression. Therefore, a multidisciplinary approach is necessary to treat PLGG patients. Recent genomic analysis revealed a broad genomic landscape underlying PLGG. Notably, the majority of PLGGs present MAPK pathway-associated genomic alterations and MAPK signaling-dependent tumor progression. Following preclinical evidence, many clinical trials based on molecular target therapy have been conducted on PLGG patients, some of whom exhibited durable response to target therapy. Here, we provide an overview of PLGG genetics and the evidence supporting the application of molecular target therapy in these patients.

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Name: Brain tumor pathology
ISSN: 1861-387X
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