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Two processes generate total variance in age at death: heterogeneity (between-group variance) and individual stochasticity (within-group variance). Limited research has evaluated how these two components have changed over time. We quantify the degree to which area-level deprivation contributed to total variance in age at death in Scotland between 1981 and 2011.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: BMJ open
Life expectancy inequalities are an established indicator of health inequalities. More recent attention has been given to lifespan variation, which measures the amount of heterogeneity in age at death...
China harbors diversified forest types, from tropical rainforest to boreal coniferous forest, and has implemented large-scale reforestation/afforestation programs over the past several decades. Howeve...
Breast cancer rates are lower amongst women from more socio-economically deprived areas. However, their mortality rates are higher. One explanation of this breast cancer paradox is that women from mor...
Levels of a reference protein must be the same as a proportion of total protein in all tissues and, in the study of human diseases, cannot vary with factors such as age, gender or disease pathophysiol...
Prostate cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and cancer-related death worldwide. Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is the cornerstone of management for advanced disease. The use of these therapies...
This study will determine the effectiveness of total sleep deprivation (TSD) for one night plus paroxetine versus either TSD plus placebo or paroxetine alone in inducing rapid symptom reso...
The purpose of this study is to find out if androgen deprivation therapy affects insulin, cardiac risk factors such as cholesterol level, and body fat and muscle.
Study Objectives: THN102 is a new combination between modafinil and flecainide low-dose, a documented glial connexin inhibitor. Efficacy of THN102 was compared to modafinil and to placebo ...
Vitamin D deficiency is a modifiable risk factor for poor bone health. Familial correlation of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration (25(OH)D) was reported in twin- or family-based studi...
Partial sleep deprivation (PSD), is a common problem among current university students in Taiwan. Students often get inadequate sleep time due to burden schoolwork during exam period. In r...
A syndrome of abnormally low BLOOD GLUCOSE level. Clinical hypoglycemia has diverse etiologies. Severe hypoglycemia eventually lead to glucose deprivation of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM resulting in HUNGER; SWEATING; PARESTHESIA; impaired mental function; SEIZURES; COMA; and even DEATH.
The total number of individuals inhabiting a particular region or area.
A conserved protein interaction domain of the death domain superfamily that is structurally similar to the DEATH EFFECTOR DOMAIN and CASPASE RECRUITMENT DOMAIN. Death domains bind each other to form oligomers and occur on DEATH DOMAIN RECEPTORS, where they are required for APOPTOSIS signaling and non-apoptotic functions.
Irreversible cessation of all bodily functions, manifested by absence of spontaneous breathing and total loss of cardiovascular and cerebral functions.
Carbon monoxide (CO). A poisonous colorless, odorless, tasteless gas. It combines with hemoglobin to form carboxyhemoglobin, which has no oxygen carrying capacity. The resultant oxygen deprivation causes headache, dizziness, decreased pulse and respiratory rates, unconsciousness, and death. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)