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The diffusion of type 2 diabetes (T2D) throughout the world represents one of the most important health problems of this century. Patients suffering from this disease can currently be treated with numerous oral anti-hyperglycaemic drugs, but none is capable of reproducing the physiological action of insulin and, in several cases, they induce severe side effects. Developing new anti-diabetic drugs remains one of the most urgent challenges of the pharmaceutical industry. Multi-target drugs could offer new therapeutic opportunities for the treatment of T2D, and the reported data on type 2 diabetic mice models indicate that these drugs could be more effective and have fewer side effects than mono-target drugs. α-Glucosidases and Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) are considered important targets for the treatment of T2
the first digest oligo- and disaccharides in the gut, while the latter regulates the insulin-signaling pathway. With the aim of generating new drugs able to target both enzymes, we synthesized a series of bifunctional compounds bearing both a nitro aromatic group and an iminosugar moiety. The results of tests carried out both in vitro and in a cell-based model, show that these bifunctional compounds maintain activity on both target enzymes and, more importantly, show a good insulin-mimetic activity, increasing phosphorylation levels of Akt in the absence of insulin stimulation. These compounds could be used to develop a new generation of anti-hyperglycemic drugs useful for the treatment of patients affected by T2D.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bioorganic chemistry
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A plant genus of the family ARACEAE. Members contain beta-glucosidases and trypsin inhibitors.
Compounds that inhibit or block the activity of GLYCOSIDE HYDROLASES such as ALPHA-AMYLASES and APHA-GLUCOSIDASES.
A cytoplasmic receptor and peroxin that contains a series of TETRACOTIPEPTIDE REPEATS and binds to PEROXISOME TARGETING SIGNAL 1 (SKL-type). It is essential for protein import into PEROXISOMES; mutations in the PEX5 gene are associated with PEROXISOMAL DISORDERS such as ZELLWEGER SYNDROME.
A cytoplasmic receptor and peroxin that contains a series of WD40 REPEATS and binds to PEROXISOME TARGETING SIGNAL 2. It is essential for protein import into PEROXISOMES; mutations in the human PEX7 gene are associated with PEROXISOMAL DISORDERS such as Type 1 CHONDRODYSPLASIA PUNCTATA, RHIZOMELIC.
A dual specificity phosphatase subtype that plays a role in intracellular signal transduction by inactivating MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASES. It has specificity for EXTRACELLULAR SIGNAL-REGULATED MAP KINASES.
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