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In many patients, depression takes a recurrent or chronic course, in which maintaining mechanisms becomes increasingly engrained, and repeated stress translates into significant changes in biological functioning. The introduction of mindfulness training has brought a paradigmatically new approach to the treatment of persistent courses of depression that promises to counter such mechanisms and thus offers potential to eventually reverse maladaptive plasticity. However, research on biological mechanisms of mindfulness training in this domain is still widely lacking. In order to encourage such research, we outline psychobiological mechanisms underlying persistent depression, discuss why mindfulness training may be particularly suited to address these mechanisms, and review current evidence supporting the potential for reversibility. We conclude by emphasizing the need for studies investigating sustained training in mindfulness in order to elucidate the timescales of cascading effects and in how far these effects translate into changes in otherwise persistent trajectories.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current opinion in psychology
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An MAO inhibitor that is effective in the treatment of major depression, dysthymic disorder, and atypical depression. It also is useful in the treatment of panic disorder and the phobic disorders. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p311)
Maladaptive reactions to identifiable psychosocial stressors occurring within a short time after onset of the stressor. They are manifested by either impairment in social or occupational functioning or by symptoms (depression, anxiety, etc.) that are in excess of a normal and expected reaction to the stressor.
A psychological state of awareness, the practices that promote this awareness, a mode of processing information and a character trait. As a therapy mindfulness is defined as a moment-to-moment awareness of one's experience without judgment and as a state and not a trait.
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Decompression external to the body, most often the slow lessening of external pressure on the whole body (especially in caisson workers, deep sea divers, and persons who ascend to great heights) to prevent DECOMPRESSION SICKNESS. It includes also sudden accidental decompression, but not surgical (local) decompression or decompression applied through body openings.
Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention. Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...
Adhd Anorexia Depression Dyslexia Mental Health Psychiatry Schizophrenia Stress Mental health, although not being as obvious as physical health, is very important, causing great unhappiness to those affected, causing add...