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Bioaccumulation and biomagnification of short-chain chlorinated paraffins in marine organisms from the Pearl River Estuary, South China.

08:00 EDT 23rd March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Bioaccumulation and biomagnification of short-chain chlorinated paraffins in marine organisms from the Pearl River Estuary, South China."

Short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) are a series of new persistent organic pollutants, posing a risk of significant adverse effects to biota. Increasing attention has been paid to SCCP pollution in China as large amounts of chlorinated paraffin (CP) products containing SCCPs have been produced and used there. However, knowledge of the bioaccumulation of SCCPs in marine organisms from the Pearl River Estuary (PRE), Southern China, is still scarce. In this study, SCCP concentrations were measured in seawater, sediments, and marine organisms from the PRE. SCCP concentrations ranged from 180 to 460 ng/L in seawater, from 180 to 620 ng/g dry weight (dw) in sediments, and from 870 to 36,000 ng/g lipid weight (lw) in marine biota samples. C SCCPs were the predominant homologues in all the samples, with an average abundance of 68% in seawater, 57% in sediments, and 56-77% in marine organisms. However, chlorine patterns of SCCPs in seawater, sediments, and marine organisms were different. Cl SCCPs dominated in sediments, whereas Cl SCCPs were the predominant SCCP homologues in water and most organism species. The logarithm bioaccumulation factors (BAFs) of SCCPs ranged from 1.6 to 3.0, and increased significantly with the increase of K values for most marine biota species, indicating that K was the major factor controlling the bioaccumulation of SCCPs and that SCCPs with higher lipophilicity were more prone to being bioaccumulated from water. Opposite to that observed for log BAFs, biota-sediment accumulation factors of specific SCCPs (range: 0.01-30) decreased significantly with the increase of K values. The biomagnification factor of total SCCPs for oyster-mangrove crab was 2.40, implying the potential biomagnification of SCCPs for benthos in the PRE.

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Name: The Science of the total environment
ISSN: 1879-1026
Pages: 262-269

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