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Sources of anammox granular sludge and their sustainability in treating low-strength wastewater.

08:00 EDT 12th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Sources of anammox granular sludge and their sustainability in treating low-strength wastewater."

Anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) has been widely applied in the treatment of high-strength nitrogen wastewaters. However, few engineering practices were reported to treat low-strength nitrogen wastewaters. In this study, three types of anammox granular sludge (GS) were separately collected from the expanded granular sludge bed (EGSB) reactors treating nitrogen wastewaters at high (H-), moderate (M-) and low (L-) nitrogen loading rates (NLRs), and employed for the treatment of low-strength nitrogen wastewater in sequencing batch advanced nitrogen removal (ANR) systems. The ANR system with M-GS (namely M-ANR system) was most useful. At the initial biomass concentration of 2.43 g-VSS·L, cycle length of 8 h and influent total nitrogen (TN) concentration of less than 15 mg·L, the performance data were as follows: effluent TN of less than 1 mg·L, TN removal efficiency of more than 92.8%, the nitrogen removal rate (NRR) of 0.039 kg-N·m·d. The efficient performance lasted as long as 46 cycles, indicating the sustainability of the M-ANR system. The advanced microscopic analysis and metagenomic analysis were applied to reveal the successful but non-permanent treatment by the M-ANR system. The long-time lag between biomass decay and sludge activity decay provided a window period for the good performance of M-ANR system. However, the weak support of oligotrophic habitat for anaerobic ammonium oxidizing bacteria community was doomed to the degradation of anammox GS, resulting in gradual loss of their activities. A periodic addition of fresh M-GS or a periodic rejuvenation cultivation in the eutrophic habitat is necessary to achieve a permanent performance.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Chemosphere
ISSN: 1879-1298
Pages: 229-237

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