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Two new series of 1,2-benzisothiazol-3(2H)-one-1,1-dioxide derivatives containing either five membered heterocyclic rings or aryl hydrazones were synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro COX-1/COX-2 inhibitory activity. In vivo anti-inflammatory evaluation revealed that benzenesulfonamides bearing pyrazole moiety 19, 20 and its cyclized form 23 exhibited the highest anti-inflammatory activity with comparable potency to celecoxib. Furthermore, the ulcerogenic activity evaluation showed that compounds 19, 20 and 23 exerted the minimal ulcer index in comparison to indomethacin as a reference drug. Docking studies of the most selective COX-2 derivatives were also carried out against COX-2 active site. Benzenesulfonamide derivatives 19 and 20 displayed higher predicted binding affinities inside the COX-2 active site. Molecular modelling simulation and drug likeness studies showed good agreement with the obtained biological evaluation.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: European journal of medicinal chemistry
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A benzenesulfonamide-phthalimidine that tautomerizes to a BENZOPHENONES form. It is considered a thiazide-like diuretic.
An enzyme with high affinity for carbon dioxide. It catalyzes irreversibly the formation of oxaloacetate from phosphoenolpyruvate and carbon dioxide. This fixation of carbon dioxide in several bacteria and some plants is the first step in the biosynthesis of glucose. EC 220.127.116.11.
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Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...