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Fast ripple analysis in human mesial temporal lobe epilepsy suggests two different seizure-generating mechanisms.

08:00 EDT 27th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Fast ripple analysis in human mesial temporal lobe epilepsy suggests two different seizure-generating mechanisms."

The distinction of hypersynchronous (HYP) and low-voltage fast (LVF) onset seizures in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) is well established, but classifying individual seizures and patients is often challenging. Experimental work indicates a strong association of HYP with fast ripples (250-500 Hz) and of LVF with ripples (80-250 Hz). We aimed to investigate whether analysis of high-frequency oscillations can be useful for characterizing the process of seizure generation in human MTLE patients.

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Name: Neurobiology of disease
ISSN: 1095-953X
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

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A neurosurgical procedure that removes the anterior TEMPORAL LOBE including the medial temporal structures of CEREBRAL CORTEX; AMYGDALA; HIPPOCAMPUS; and the adjacent PARAHIPPOCAMPAL GYRUS. This procedure is generally used for the treatment of intractable temporal epilepsy (EPILEPSY, TEMPORAL LOBE).

A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p313)

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A localization-related (focal) form of epilepsy characterized by seizures which arise in the frontal lobe. A variety of clinical syndromes exist depending on the exact location of the seizure focus. Simple or complex motor movements may occur, and most commonly involve the face and upper extremities. Seizures in the anterior frontal regions may be associated with head and eye turning, typically away from the side of origin of the seizure. Frontal lobe seizures may be idiopathic (cryptogenic) or caused by an identifiable disease process such as traumatic injuries, neoplasms, or other macroscopic or microscopic lesions of the frontal lobes (symptomatic frontal lobe seizures). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp318-9)

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