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Hesperidin, a kind of citrus bioflavonoid distributed in foods including grapefruits, oranges and lemons, has many pharmacological activities. This study was aimed to evaluate the anti-depressant-like effect of hesperidin on chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS)-induced mice. Depressive-like behavior was detected by the sucrose preference test (SPT), tail suspension test (TST) and forced swimming test (FST). A 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was performed to assess the cell viability of corticosterone-induced PC12 cells. The serum, hippocampal and cell supernatant concentrations of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) commercial kits. Furthermore, the protein expression levels of high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1), receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE)/NF-κB and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)/tropomyosin-related kinase B (TrkB) pathway in the hippocampus and corticosterone-induced PC12 cells were detected by Western blot. Our results showed that hesperidin (100, 200 mg/kg) significantly relieved depressive-like behaviors, including decreased sucrose consumption in sucrose preference test (SPT), immobility in the forced swimming test (FST), tail suspension test, and locomotor activity in the open field test (OFT). Hesperidin reduced inflammatory cytokine levels by attenuating the HMGB1/RAGE/NF-κB signaling pathway and BDNF/TrkB pathway both in vivo and in vitro. In conclusion, hesperidin possessed efficient neuroprotective effects on depression, which was associated with neuroinflammation mediated by the HMGB1/RAGE/NF-κB and BDNF/TrkB pathways.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: European journal of pharmacology
Zhike-Houpu herbal pair (ZKHPHP) is a well-known Chinese medicine to treat gastrointestinal motility dysfunction. Recently, many researchers have found that some of the compounds of ZKHPHP such as mer...
Felbamate is an anticonvulsant used in the treatment of epilepsy. In this study, we investigated the antidepressant-like actions of felbamate in mice. The effects of felbamate were first assessed usin...
Pursuit of novel effective antidepressants is an urgent task. Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf (PCW) is a traditional herb with antidepressant effects. Polysaccharides designated PCWPW and PCWPS were purified...
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Depression is a heterogeneous disorder and associated with inflammatory responses. The influences of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on neuroinflammation associated depression-like behavior have not been inves...
The primary objective of this clinical trial is to determine the effects of hesperidin on biochemical markers of bone in post-menopausal women. The secondary objectives are: - T...
To study the effects of Hesperidin, flaxseed and both together in patients with metabolic syndrome, 100 patients will be randomly allocated to one of following four groups: control group, ...
To study the effects of Hesperidin supplement in patients with metabolic syndrome, 50 patients will be randomly allocated to control group or 2 capsules Hesperidin for 12 weeks; both group...
To study the effects of Hesperidin, flaxseed and both together on lipid profile, liver enzymes, inflammatory factors and hepatic fibrosis in patients with Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NAS...
To study the effects of Hesperidin and flaxseed supplement in patients with metabolic syndrome, 50 patients will be randomly allocated to control group or 2 capsules Hesperidin and 30 gram...
Chemotherapy-induced dermal side effects that are associated with the use of various CYTOSTATIC AGENTS. Symptoms range from mild ERYTHEMA and/or PARESTHESIA to severe ulcerative dermatitis with debilitating pain involving typically palmoplantar and intertriginous areas. These cutaneous manifestations are sometimes accompanied by nail anomalies.
A potent second-generation histamine H1 antagonist that is effective in the treatment of allergic rhinitis, chronic urticaria, and pollen-induced asthma. Unlike many traditional antihistamines, it does not cause drowsiness or anticholinergic side effects.
Abnormally low BODY TEMPERATURE that is intentionally induced in warm-blooded animals by artificial means. In humans, mild or moderate hypothermia has been used to reduce tissue damages, particularly after cardiac or spinal cord injuries and during subsequent surgeries.
Acute and chronic neurologic disorders associated with the various neurologic effects of ETHANOL. Primary sites of injury include the brain and peripheral nerves.
Tricyclic antidepressant similar in action and side effects to IMIPRAMINE. It may produce excitation.
Stress is caused by your perception of situations around you and then the reaction of your body to them. The automatic stress response to unexpected events is known as 'fight or flight'. Discovered by Walter Cannon in 1932, it is the release of h...
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An assay is an analytic procedure for qualitatively assessing or quantitatively measuring the presence or amount or the functional activity of a target entity. This can be a drug or biochemical substance or a cell in an organism or organic sample. ...