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The pre-treatment CD34+/CD38- cell burden as prognostic factor in MDS patients receiving allogeneic stem cell transplantation.

08:00 EDT 27th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The pre-treatment CD34+/CD38- cell burden as prognostic factor in MDS patients receiving allogeneic stem cell transplantation."

Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a highly heterogeneous clonal hematopoietic disorder. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remains the only curative treatment, and is of particular interest in patients at high risk for progression to acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In MDS, CD34+/CD38- cells possess MDS stem cell potential and secondary AML (sAML) clones originate from MDS disease stage. However, the prognostic impact of the pre-treatment stem cell population burden in MDS remains unknown. We retrospectively analyzed the prognostic impact of the pre-treatment CD34+/CD38- cell burden in 124 MDS patients who received allogeneic HSCT at our institution. A high pre-treatment bone marrow CD34+/CD38- cell burden (≥1%) associated with worse genetic risk and a higher incidence of blast excess. Patients with a high CD34+/CD38- cell burden had a significantly higher cumulative incidence of MDS relapse (CIR), a higher cumulative incidence of secondary AML and a trend for shorter overall survival after allogeneic HSCT. In multivariable analyses, this prognostic impact was shown to be independent of other clinical and cytogenetic risk factors in MDS. Patients suffering MDS relapse or progression to AML also had a higher pre-treatment CD34±/CD38- cell burden as continuous variable. The observed prognostic impact is likely mediated by MDS stem cells within the CD34+/CD38- cell population initiating MDS relapse or progression to AML. New therapeutic strategies targeting MDS stem cells might improve outcomes.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Biology of blood and marrow transplantation : journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
ISSN: 1523-6536
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