Variable chemokine expression in porcine trophoblasts and endometrium during the peri-implantation period.

08:00 EDT 20th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Variable chemokine expression in porcine trophoblasts and endometrium during the peri-implantation period."

Successful embryo implantation and its further development depends on appropriate endometrial remodelling. Porcine early pregnancy is associated with intensive endometrial angiogenesis and establishment of an immunotolerant environment for the embryo. An increasing number of factors are believed to participate in endometrial remodelling. The aim of this study was to elucidate the involvement of selected chemokines at the porcine maternal-foetal interface during the peri-implantation period. Real-time PCR analysis revealed several upregulated chemokines during the time of implantation, and Western blot/ELISA analyses and immunohistochemical staining confirmed their presence at the protein level. The gene expression of several chemokines and receptors was also confirmed in early porcine trophoblasts. The results indicated that IFNG, a porcine trophoblast signal, positively influenced the expression of some chemokines in endometrial cells. In conclusion, we suggest that some of the examined chemokines may be involved in endometrial communication with the trophoblast (CCL2, CCL5, CCL11, CXCL12), whereas others are implicated in the recruitment of immune cells and establishment of an immunotolerant environment for the embryo (CXCL9, CXCL10).


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Theriogenology
ISSN: 1879-3231
Pages: 16-27


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [13684 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Activation of CCL20 and its Receptor CCR6 Promotes Endometrium Preparation for Implantation and Placenta Development During the Early Pregnancy Period in Pigs.

The success of implantation and placentation during early pregnancy depends on the intrauterine environment of diverse histotrophs, including nutrients, growth factors, cytokines, and chemokines. Here...

Mitigation of ER-stress and inflammation by chemokine (CC motif) ligand 21 during early pregnancy.

The immune system plays an important role in pregnancy. Chemokines recruit leukocytes at the maternal-fetal interface during early pregnancy. However, the role of the chemokine, CC motif chemokine lig...

Atypical chemokine receptors 1, 2, 3 and 4: Expression and regulation in the endometrium during the estrous cycle and pregnancy and with somatic cell nucleus transfer-cloned embryos in pigs.

Atypical chemokine receptor (ACKR) 1, ACKR2, ACKR3, and ACKR4, chemokine decoy receptors that lack G-protein-mediated signaling pathways, internalize and degrade chemokines to control their availabili...

Presence of trophoblast in the uterine lumen affects VEGF-C expression in porcine endometrium.

Regulation of expression and role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) in luminal epithelial and stromal cells of the porcine endometrium.

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are members of the nuclear receptor family of ligand-dependent transcription factors. PPARs are important regulators of glucose and fatty acid metab...

Clinical Trials [3127 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Expression of Steroid Receptors in Endometrium

Expression of steroid receptors in endometrium during ovarian stimulation.

Role of Chemokine and Chemokine Receptor in Psoriasis

This study aims to elucidate the role of Chemokine and chemokine receptor in the pathogenesis of Psoriasis by using human psoriasis skin xenograft SCID mouse model. The hypothesis is that ...

The Study of the Relationship Between TWEAK/Fn14, JAK/STAT3 and IDO in the Immune Microenvironment of Endometrium in Repeated Implantation Failure

The purpose of this study is to find out the possible relationship among TWEAK/Fn14, JAK/STAT3 and IDO as well as their roles in the dysfunction of immune micro-environment of endometrium ...

Low Dose Human Chorionic Gonadotropin: Influence on the Endometrium

The purpose of the present study is to assess the influence of the administration of low dose hCG on the endometrium. The study is a randomised trial where 2 groups of patients, undergoin...

Effect Sildenafil and Estradiiol Valerate on Endometrial Thickness in Infertile Women

The endometrium is a dynamic tissue that responds to changing hormonal signals throughout the cycle. The changes in the endometrial composition are expressed in alteration in gene expressi...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Cells lining the outside of the BLASTOCYST. After binding to the ENDOMETRIUM, trophoblasts develop into two distinct layers, an inner layer of mononuclear cytotrophoblasts and an outer layer of continuous multinuclear cytoplasm, the syncytiotrophoblasts, which form the early fetal-maternal interface (PLACENTA).

Species of ENTEROVIRUS causing mild to severe neurological diseases among pigs especially in Eastern Europe. Mild strains are also present in Canada, U.S., and Australia. Specific species include Porcine enterovirus A and Porcine enterovirus B.

A CC chemokine with specificity for CCR5 RECEPTORS. It is a chemoattractant for NK CELLS; MONOCYTES and a variety of other immune cells. This chemokine is encoded by multiple genes.

A CC chemokine with specificity for CCR1 RECEPTORS and CCR5 RECEPTORS. It is a chemoattractant for NK CELLS; MONOCYTES; and a variety of other immune cells. This chemokine is encoded by multiple genes.

A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Cytokines include chemokines, lymphokines, and monokines. Cells of the immune system communicate with one another by releasing and responding to chemical messengers called cytokines. These proteins are secreted by immune cells and act on other cells to...

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...

Searches Linking to this Article