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Variable chemokine expression in porcine trophoblasts and endometrium during the peri-implantation period.

08:00 EDT 20th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Variable chemokine expression in porcine trophoblasts and endometrium during the peri-implantation period."

Successful embryo implantation and its further development depends on appropriate endometrial remodelling. Porcine early pregnancy is associated with intensive endometrial angiogenesis and establishment of an immunotolerant environment for the embryo. An increasing number of factors are believed to participate in endometrial remodelling. The aim of this study was to elucidate the involvement of selected chemokines at the porcine maternal-foetal interface during the peri-implantation period. Real-time PCR analysis revealed several upregulated chemokines during the time of implantation, and Western blot/ELISA analyses and immunohistochemical staining confirmed their presence at the protein level. The gene expression of several chemokines and receptors was also confirmed in early porcine trophoblasts. The results indicated that IFNG, a porcine trophoblast signal, positively influenced the expression of some chemokines in endometrial cells. In conclusion, we suggest that some of the examined chemokines may be involved in endometrial communication with the trophoblast (CCL2, CCL5, CCL11, CXCL12), whereas others are implicated in the recruitment of immune cells and establishment of an immunotolerant environment for the embryo (CXCL9, CXCL10).

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Theriogenology
ISSN: 1879-3231
Pages: 16-27

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Cells lining the outside of the BLASTOCYST. After binding to the ENDOMETRIUM, trophoblasts develop into two distinct layers, an inner layer of mononuclear cytotrophoblasts and an outer layer of continuous multinuclear cytoplasm, the syncytiotrophoblasts, which form the early fetal-maternal interface (PLACENTA).

Species of ENTEROVIRUS causing mild to severe neurological diseases among pigs especially in Eastern Europe. Mild strains are also present in Canada, U.S., and Australia. Specific species include Porcine enterovirus A and Porcine enterovirus B.

A CC chemokine with specificity for CCR5 RECEPTORS. It is a chemoattractant for NK CELLS; MONOCYTES and a variety of other immune cells. This chemokine is encoded by multiple genes.

A CC chemokine with specificity for CCR1 RECEPTORS and CCR5 RECEPTORS. It is a chemoattractant for NK CELLS; MONOCYTES; and a variety of other immune cells. This chemokine is encoded by multiple genes.

A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).

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