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Emerging research suggests that hoarding disorder (HD) is associated with abnormal hemodynamic activity in frontal brain regions. Prior studies have not examined intrinsic network connectivity in HD during unstructured "resting state" fMRI. Furthermore, it remains unclear whether previously observed HD abnormalities might be better explained by the presence of other disorders frequently comorbid with HD, such as major depressive disorder (MDD). The current study compared resting state functional connectivity in HD-only patients (n = 17), MDD-only patients (n = 8), patients with co-occurring HD and MDD (n = 10), and healthy control participants (n = 18). Using independent component analysis, we found that HD-only patients exhibited lower functional connectivity in a "task positive" cognitive control network, compared to the other three groups. The HD group also had greater connectivity in regions of the "task negative" default mode network than did the other groups. Findings suggest that HD is associated with a unique neurobiological profile, and are discussed in terms of recent neurological and neuropsychological findings and models in HD and related disorders.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of psychiatric research
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The period of time following the triggering of an ACTION POTENTIAL when the CELL MEMBRANE has changed to an unexcitable state and is gradually restored to the resting (excitable) state. During the absolute refractory period no other stimulus can trigger a response. This is followed by the relative refractory period during which the cell gradually becomes more excitable and the stronger impulse that is required to illicit a response gradually lessens to that required during the resting state.
The physiologic or functional barrier to GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX at the esophagogastric junction. Sphincteric muscles remain tonically contracted during the resting state and form the high-pressure zone separating the lumen of the ESOPHAGUS from that of the STOMACH. (Haubrich et al, Bockus Gastroenterology, 5th ed., pp399, 415)
The third type of glial cell, along with astrocytes and oligodendrocytes (which together form the macroglia). Microglia vary in appearance depending on developmental stage, functional state, and anatomical location; subtype terms include ramified, perivascular, ameboid, resting, and activated. Microglia clearly are capable of phagocytosis and play an important role in a wide spectrum of neuropathologies. They have also been suggested to act in several other roles including in secretion (e.g., of cytokines and neural growth factors), in immunological processing (e.g., antigen presentation), and in central nervous system development and remodeling.
A quiescent state of cells during G1 PHASE.
Disordered behavior associated with clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational or other important areas of functioning and persistent difficulty parting with possessions due to a perceived need to save the items and distress associated with discarding them. (from DSM-V) The quantity of collected items sets the behavior apart from normal collecting behaviors.