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Massive integrative gene set analysis enables functional characterization of breast cancer subtypes.

08:00 EDT 27th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Massive integrative gene set analysis enables functional characterization of breast cancer subtypes."

The availability of large-scale repositories and integrated cancer genome efforts have created unprecedented opportunities to study and describe cancer biology. In this sense, the aim of translational researchers is the integration of multiple omics data to achieve a better identification of homogeneous subgroups of patients in order to develop adequate diagnostic and treatment strategies from the personalized medicine perspective. So far, existing integrative methods have grouped together omics data information, leaving out individual omics data phenotypic interpretation. Here, we present the Massive and Integrative Gene Set Analysis (MIGSA) R package. This tool can analyze several high throughput experiments in a comprehensive way through a functional analysis strategy, relating a phenotype to its biological function counterpart defined by means of gene sets. By simultaneously querying different multiple omics data from the same or different groups of patients, common and specific functional patterns for each studied phenotype can be obtained. The usefulness of MIGSA was demonstrated by applying the package to functionally characterize the intrinsic breast cancer PAM50 subtypes. For each subtype, specific functional transcriptomic profiles and gene sets enriched by transcriptomic and proteomic data were identified. To achieve this, transcriptomic and proteomic data from 28 datasets were analyzed using MIGSA. As a result, enriched gene sets and important genes were consistently found as related to a specific subtype across experiments or data types and thus can be used as molecular signature biomarkers.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of biomedical informatics
ISSN: 1532-0480
Pages: 103157

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The use of techniques that produce a functional MUTATION or an effect on GENE EXPRESSION of a specific gene of interest in order to identify the role or activity of the gene product of that gene.

The phosphoprotein encoded by the BRCA1 gene (GENE, BRCA1). In normal cells the BRCA1 protein is localized in the nucleus, whereas in the majority of breast cancer cell lines and in malignant pleural effusions from breast cancer patients, it is localized mainly in the cytoplasm. (Science 1995;270(5237):713,789-91)

A fluid-filled closed cavity or sac that is lined by an EPITHELIUM and found in the BREAST. It may appear as a single large cyst in one breast, multifocal, or bilateral in FIBROCYSTIC BREAST DISEASE.

Any of the DNA in between gene-coding DNA, including untranslated regions, 5' and 3' flanking regions, INTRONS, non-functional pseudogenes, and non-functional repetitive sequences. This DNA may or may not encode regulatory functions.

The introduction of functional (usually cloned) GENES into cells. A variety of techniques and naturally occurring processes are used for the gene transfer such as cell hybridization, LIPOSOMES or microcell-mediated gene transfer, ELECTROPORATION, chromosome-mediated gene transfer, TRANSFECTION, and GENETIC TRANSDUCTION. Gene transfer may result in genetically transformed cells and individual organisms.

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