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Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines (DARC) and susceptibility to Plasmodium vivax malaria.

08:00 EDT 27th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines (DARC) and susceptibility to Plasmodium vivax malaria."

DARC is thought to act as a key invasion receptor in P. vivax malaria. It is known that the expression of DARC and susceptibility to P. vivax malaria is influenced by the presence of specific DARC genotypes. Studies have reported the low probability of P. vivax malaria in individuals carrying FyA allele due to the significantly reduced binding of the P. vivax duffy binding protein. No association of the allele frequency and severe vivax malaria epidemiology has been yet established in our country. In the present study, a high level of heterozygotes was observed with a statistically significant deviation from the H-W equilibrium in the group with complicated malaria; which is indicative of demographic disequilibrium. Significantly upregulated expression of the DARC receptor in FyA/FyB heterozygote patients is suggestive of a greater receptor repertoire responsible for the possible variation in the parasite ligand binding with the host receptor and thus might have a role to play in severe malaria.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Parasitology international
ISSN: 1873-0329
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A surface protein found on Plasmodium species which induces a T-cell response. The antigen is polymorphic, sharing amino acid sequence homology among PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; and PLASMODIUM YOELII.

A genus of protozoa that comprise the malaria parasites of mammals. Four species infect humans (although occasional infections with primate malarias may occur). These are PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; PLASMODIUM OVALE, and PLASMODIUM VIVAX. Species causing infection in vertebrates other than man include: PLASMODIUM BERGHEI; PLASMODIUM CHABAUDI; P. vinckei, and PLASMODIUM YOELII in rodents; P. brasilianum, PLASMODIUM CYNOMOLGI; and PLASMODIUM KNOWLESI in monkeys; and PLASMODIUM GALLINACEUM in chickens.

A protozoan parasite that occurs naturally in the macaque. It is similar to PLASMODIUM VIVAX and produces a type of malaria similar to vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species has been found to give rise to both natural and experimental human infections.

A protozoan parasite that causes vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species is found almost everywhere malaria is endemic and is the only one that has a range extending into the temperate regions.

A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.

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