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Translational approach towards determining the role of cerebral autoregulation in outcome after traumatic brain injury.

08:00 EDT 27th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Translational approach towards determining the role of cerebral autoregulation in outcome after traumatic brain injury."

Cerebral autoregulation is impaired after traumatic brain injury (TBI), contributing to poor outcome. In the context of the neurovascular unit, cerebral autoregulation contributes to neuronal cell integrity and clinically Glasgow Coma Scale is correlated to intactness of autoregulation after TBI. Cerebral Perfusion Pressure (CPP) is often normalized by use of vasoactive agents to increase mean arterial pressure (MAP) and thereby limit impairment of cerebral autoregulation and neurological deficits. However, current vasoactive agent choice used to elevate MAP to increase CPP after TBI is variable. Vasoactive agents, such as phenylephrine, dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine, clinically have not sufficiently been compared regarding effect on CPP, autoregulation, and survival after TBI. The cerebral effects of these clinically commonly used vasoactive agents are incompletely understood. This review will describe translational studies using a more human like animal model (the pig) of TBI to identify better therapeutic strategies to improve outcome post injury. These studies also investigated the role of age and sex in outcome and mechanism(s) involved in improvement of outcome in the setting of TBI. Additionally, this review considers use of inhaled nitric oxide as a novel neuroprotective strategy in treatment of TBI.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Experimental neurology
ISSN: 1090-2430
Pages: 291-297

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

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